What is behind the plastic strain rate?

M. Hütter, M. Grmela, H.C. Öttinger

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4 Citaten (Scopus)
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Samenvatting

The plastic strain rate plays a central role in macroscopic models on elasto-viscoplasticity. In order to discuss the concept behind this quantity, we propose, first, a kinetic toy model to describe the dynamics of sliding layers representative of plastic deformation of single crystalline metals. The dynamic variable is given by the distribution function of relative strains between adjacent layers, and the plastic strain rate emerges as the average hopping rate between energy wells. We demonstrate the behavior of this model under different deformations and how it captures the elastic-to-plastic transition. Second, the kinetic toy model is reduced to a closed evolution equation for the average of the relative strain, allowing us to make a direct link to macroscopic theories. It is shown that the constitutive relation for the plastic strain rate does not only depend on the stress, but also on the macroscopic applied deformation rate, contrary to common practice.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)769-778
TijdschriftRheologica Acta
Volume48
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2009

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