Visual detection of cortical breaks in hand joints: reliability and validity of high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT compared to microCT

A. Scharmga, M. Peters, A. van Tubergen, J. van den Bergh, J. de Jong, D. Loeffen, B. van Rietbergen, R. Weijers, P.P.M.M. Geusens

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

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Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: To study the reliability and validity of high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HR-pQCT) with microCT (μCT) as gold standard in the visual detection of cortical breaks in metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints.

METHODS: Ten cadaveric fingers (10 MCP and 9 PIP joints) were imaged by HR-pQCT and μCT and visually analyzed by two independent readers. Intra- and interreader reliability were evaluated for the presence (yes/no, kappa statistics) and the total number (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC) of cortical breaks. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value (PPV respectively NPV) of HR-pQCT in detecting cortical breaks were calculated.

RESULTS: With HR-pQCT, mean 149 cortical breaks were identified and with μCT mean 129 (p < 0.05). Intrareader reliability for the presence of a cortical break per quadrant was 0.52 (95 % CI 0.48-0.56) and 0.71 (95 % CI 0.67-0.75) for HR-pQCT and μCT, respectively, and for the total number of cortical breaks 0.61 (95 % CI 0.49-0.70) and 0.75 (95 % CI 0.68-0.82). Interreader reliability for the presence of a cortical break per quadrant was 0.37 (95 % CI 0.33-0.41) and 0.45 (95 % CI 0.41-0.49) for HR-pQCT and μCT, respectively, and for the number of cortical breaks 0.55 (95 % CI 0.43-0.65) and 0.54 (95 % CI 0.35-0.67). Sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of HR-pQCT were 81.6, 64.0, 81.6, and 64 % respectively.

CONCLUSION: Cortical breaks were commonly visualized in MCP and PIP joints with HR-pQCT and μCT. Reliability of both HR-pQCT and μCT was fair to moderate. HR-pQCT was highly sensitive to detect cortical breaks with μCT as gold standard.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer271
Pagina's (van-tot)1-7
TijdschriftBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume17
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 11 jul 2016

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