Aims: Videodensitometric assessment of aortography provides a periprocedural quantitation of prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. We sought to compare the videodensitometric parameters of PVR severity to the regurgitation fraction (RF) in a controlled in vitro setting. Methods and results: In a mock circulation system, a transcatheter balloon-expandable valve inserted at the aortic valve position was gradually deformed to induce different grades of paravalvular leakage and the RF was measured with a transonic flow probe. Contrast aortography was performed and the following videodensitometric parameters were generated: left ventricle aortic regurgitation (LV-AR), LV outflow tract AR (LVOT-AR), quantitative regurgitation assessment (qRA) index, relative maximum density (relative max), and maximum upslope of the LV time-density curve. The correlation was substantial between videodensitometric parameters (LV-AR, LVOT-AR, qRA index, relative max, and maximum upslope) and RF (r 2=0.96, 0.96, 0.93, 0.87, and 0.93; p<0.001 for all). LV-AR (region of interest [ROI]=entire LV) and LVOT-AR (ROI=LVOT) were not different (p=0.51) and were strongly correlated (r 2=0.99) with a mean difference of 1.92% (95% limits of agreement: ±2.83). The correlations of LV-AR and LVOT-AR with RF were stronger when more than one cardiac cycle was included in the analysis (one cycle: r 2=0.85 and r 2=0.83; four cycles: r 2=0.96 and r 2=0.96, for LV-AR and LVOT-AR, respectively). Including more cycles beyond four did not improve accuracy. Conclusions: Quantitative assessment of PVR by videodensitometry of aortograms strongly correlates with the actual RF in a controlled in vitro setting. Accuracy is improved by including more than one cardiac cycle in the analysis.