## Samenvatting

Dense emulsions, colloidal gels, microgels, and foams all display a solid-like behavior at rest characterized by a yield stress, above which the material flows like a liquid. Such a fluidization transition often consists of long-lasting transient flows that involve shear-banded velocity profiles. The characteristic time for full fluidization, $\tau_\text{f}$, has been reported to decay as a power-law of the shear rate $\dot \gamma$ and of the shear stress $\sigma$ with respective exponents $\alpha$ and $\beta$. Strikingly, the ratio of these exponents was empirically observed to coincide with the exponent of the Herschel-Bulkley law that describes the steady-state flow behavior of these complex fluids. Here we introduce a continuum model based on the minimization of an out-of-equilibrium free energy that captures quantitatively all the salient features associated with such \textit{transient} shear-banding. More generally, our results provide a unified theoretical framework for describing the yielding transition and the steady-state flow properties of yield stress fluids.

Originele taal-2 | Engels |
---|---|

Artikelnummer | 1907.08846vl |

Aantal pagina's | 10 |

Tijdschrift | arXiv |

Status | Gepubliceerd - 20 jul 2019 |