Two experience sampling studies examining the variation of self-control capacity and its relationship with core affect in daily life

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To facilitate a better understanding of the role of self-control capacity in self-control processes, we examined its variation at intraindividual and interindividual levels, and positioned it in a nomological network with core affect. In two experience sampling studies, 286 university students reported their self-control capacity and core affect for a week. Results revealed larger person-to-person than day-to-day variation in self-control capacity, while its moment-to-moment variation could be weakly modeled as a diurnal pattern. Interindividually, participants with higher self-control capacity were happier and less stressed, but intraindividually higher self-control capacity was mainly associated with higher alertness and energetic arousal. Our results imply that self-control capacity is better conceptualized as a composition of interrelated sub-constructs rather than as a unified resource.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)102-113
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftJournal of Research in Personality
Volume74
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 jun 2018

Vingerafdruk

Sampling Studies
Self-Control
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Arousal
Students

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abstract = "To facilitate a better understanding of the role of self-control capacity in self-control processes, we examined its variation at intraindividual and interindividual levels, and positioned it in a nomological network with core affect. In two experience sampling studies, 286 university students reported their self-control capacity and core affect for a week. Results revealed larger person-to-person than day-to-day variation in self-control capacity, while its moment-to-moment variation could be weakly modeled as a diurnal pattern. Interindividually, participants with higher self-control capacity were happier and less stressed, but intraindividually higher self-control capacity was mainly associated with higher alertness and energetic arousal. Our results imply that self-control capacity is better conceptualized as a composition of interrelated sub-constructs rather than as a unified resource.",
keywords = "Core affect, Cosinor fitting, Diurnal pattern, Experience sampling, Inter and intraindividual differences, State self-control capacity, Trait self-control",
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AU - Lakens, Daniël

AU - IJsselsteijn, Wijnand A.

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