The Influence and Removability of Colloidal Capping Agents on Carbon Monoxide Hydrogenation by Zirconia-Supported Rhodium Nanoparticles

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Samenvatting

By using wet-chemical methods, cubic, tetrahedral, and randomly shaped Rh nanoparticles (NPs) with different surface terminations were synthesized and subsequently deposited on ZrO2 supports. To guide the NP shape, three capping agents were used during the synthesis: polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide (TTAB), and oleylamine (OAm). TTAB and PVP could not be completely removed from the final catalyst, leaving a capping residue as confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In contrast, OAm could be fully removed. The influence of the NP shape and the influence of the capping agents were evaluated under CO hydrogenation conditions. Both the PVP and TTAB residues blocked parts of the Rh surface and dominated catalytic activity beyond the effects from NP shape and surface termination. OAm could be successfully removed. The extent of metal surface blocking by the capping residue, probed by chemisorption, is larger than the observed reduction in CO hydrogenation activity. This suggests that a majority of less-active sites are being blocked by the capping residue and that successful removal of the residue from the most active sites is possible.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1018–1024
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftChemCatChem
Volume9
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 20 mrt 2017

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  • Uitrusting

    Center for Multiscale Electron Microscopy (CMEM)

    Heiner Friedrich (Manager), Rick Joosten (Gebruiker), Demi de Moor (Gebruiker), Pauline Schmit (Gebruiker), Ingeborg Schreur - Piet (Gebruiker), Anne Spoelstra (Gebruiker) & Nina Romme - van Moll (Inhoud)

    Materials and Interface Chemistry

    Uitrusting/faciliteit: Onderzoekslaboratorium

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