Suitability of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) for Multi-domain Model Management

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademicpeer review

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The development of systems following model-driven engineering can include models from different domains. For example, to develop a mechatronic component one might need to combine expertise about mechanics, electronics, and software. Although these models belong to different domains, the changes in one model can affect other models causing inconsistencies in the entire system. There are, however, a limited amount of tools that support management of models from different domains. These models are created using different modeling notations and it is not plausible to use a multitude of parsers geared towards each and every modeling notation. Therefore, to ensure maintenance of multi-domain systems, we need a uniform approach that would be independent from the peculiarities of the notation. Meaning that such a uniform approach can only be based on something which is present in all those models, i.e., text, boxes, and lines. In this study we investigate the suitability of optical character recognition (OCR) as a basis for such a uniformed approach. We select graphical models from various domains that typically combine textual and graphical elements, and we focus on text-recognition without looking for additional shapes. We analyzed the performance of Google Cloud Vision and Microsoft Cognitive Services, two off-the-shelf OCR services. Google Cloud Vision performed better than Microsoft Cognitive Services being able to detect text of 70% of model elements. Errors made by Google Cloud Vision are due to absence of support for text common in engineering formulas, e.g., Greek letters, equations, and subscripts, as well as text typeset on multiple lines. We believe that once these shortcomings are addressed, OCR can become a crucial technology supporting multi-domain model management.

Originele taal-2Engels
TitelSystems Modelling and Management - 1st International Conference, ICSMM 2020, Proceedings
RedacteurenOnder Babur, Joachim Denil, Birgit Vogel-Heuser
UitgeverijSpringer
Pagina's149-162
Aantal pagina's14
Volume1262
ISBN van geprinte versie9783030581664
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 30 sep 2020

Publicatie series

NaamCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1262 CCIS
ISSN van geprinte versie1865-0929
ISSN van elektronische versie1865-0937

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