Statistical modelling of pre-impact velocities in car crashes

W. Kager, I. Kryven, K.W. Myerscough, T.M. Opstal, van, T. Rot

    Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademic

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    Samenvatting

    The law wants to determine if any party involved in a car crash is guilty. The Dutch court invokes the expertise of the Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI) to answer this question. We discuss the present method of the NFI to determine probabilities on pre-impact car velocities, given the evidence from the crash scene. A disadvantage of this method is that it requires a prior distribution on the velocities of the cars involved in the crash. We suggest a different approach, that of statistical significance testing, which can be carried out without a prior. We explain this method, and apply it to a toy model. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is performed on a simple two-car collision model.
    Originele taal-2Engels
    TitelProceedings of the Seventy-ninth European Study Group with Industry : VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 24-28 January, 2011
    RedacteurenB. Planque, S. Bhulai, J. Hulshof, W. Kager, T. Rot
    Plaats van productieAmsterdam
    UitgeverijVU University
    Pagina's133-148
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2011
    Evenement79th European Study Group with Industry, January 24-28, 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands - Amsterdam, Nederland
    Duur: 24 jan. 201128 jan. 2011

    Congres

    Congres79th European Study Group with Industry, January 24-28, 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Land/RegioNederland
    StadAmsterdam
    Periode24/01/1128/01/11
    Ander79th European Study Group Mathematics with Industry

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