Evidence acquisition: The databases Medline, EMBASE, and Central were systematically searched for studies comparing cardiac function measured with STE in pregnant women with HPD or women with a history of HPD and women with a history of normotensive pregnancies.
Results: The search identified 16 studies, including 870 women with a history of HPD and 693 normotensive controls. Most studies during pregnancy (n = 12/13) found a decreased LV-GLS (left ventricular global longitudinal strain) in HPD compared with normotensive pregnant controls. LV-GRS (left ventricular global radial strain) and LV-GLCS (left ventricular global circumferential strain) are decreased in women with early-onset and severe preeclampsia. Women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia show lasting myocardial changes, with significantly decreased LV-GLS, LV-GLCS, and LV-GRS.
Conclusions and relevance: LV-GLS is significantly decreased in pregnant women with HPD compared with normotensive pregnant women. Other deformation values show a significant decrease in women with severe or early-onset preeclampsia, with lasting myocardial changes after early-onset preeclampsia.