Smart cities to improve resilience of communities

A. Zamani Noori, S. Marasco, O. Kammouh, M. Domaneschi, G. P. Cimellaro

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademicpeer review

6 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

This paper presents a new approach to predict the potential damage and physical impacts of an earthquake on the built environment. A new methodology for large-scale simulations within a seismic scenario are explored by evaluating multipurpose codes. In particular, a 3-D model of a virtual city is developed for evaluating the seismic effects at increasing intensities. Four different building sectors that provide essential functions to a community, including housing, education, business, and public services are considered. Once the buildings are integrated into the city, parallel simulations are applied to compute the system functionality following a disruptive scenario. Trilinear elastoplastic backbone curve representative of the global shear behavior of each building is estimated considering the dominant modal shapes and building irregularities. Monte Carlo Simulations (MCS) are applied to take into account the epistemic uncertainties associated with geometry and mechanical properties within the range of observations. The nonlinear dynamic analyses are performed through SAP2000 Application Programming Interface (API) in order to assess the dynamic response of the buildings in an organized and automatic fashion. Accordingly, the city is mapped into different zones representative to the possibility of having different levels of damage (complete, extensive, moderate, and slight). This methodology supports decision-makers to explore the community response to a disruptive events, to develop monitoring and control strategies in urbanized areas, to plan better resilience-building and evacuation strategies.

Originele taal-2Engels
TitelSHMII 2017 - 8th International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, Proceedings
RedacteurenSaeed Mahini, Saeed Mahini, Tommy Chan
UitgeverijInternational Society for Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, ISHMII
Pagina's1112-1121
Aantal pagina's10
ISBN van elektronische versie9781925553055
StatusGepubliceerd - 2017
Extern gepubliceerdJa
Evenement8th International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, SHMII 2017 - Brisbane, Australië
Duur: 5 dec 20178 dec 2017

Congres

Congres8th International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, SHMII 2017
Land/RegioAustralië
StadBrisbane
Periode5/12/178/12/17

Bibliografische nota

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 International Society for Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastrucure. All rights reserved.

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