Sinus or not: a new beat detection algorithm based on a pulse morphology quality index to extract normal sinus rhythm beats from wrist-worn photoplethysmography recordings

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Uittreksel

OBJECTIVE: Wrist-worn photoplethysmography (PPG) can enable free-living physiological monitoring of people during diverse activities, ranging from sleep to physical exercise. In many applications, it is important to remove the pulses not related to sinus rhythm beats from the PPG signal before using it as a cardiovascular descriptor. In this manuscript, we propose an algorithm to assess the morphology of the PPG signal in order to reject non-sinus rhythm pulses, such as artefacts or pulses related to arrhythmic beats. APPROACH: The algorithm segments the PPG signal into individual pulses and dynamically evaluates their morphological likelihood of being normal sinus rhythm pulses via a template-matching approach that accounts for the physiological variability of the signal. The normal sinus rhythm likelihood of each pulse is expressed as a quality index that can be employed to reject artefacts and pulses related to arrhythmic beats. MAIN RESULTS: Thresholding the pulse quality index enables near-perfect detection of normal sinus rhythm beats by rejecting most of the non-sinus rhythm pulses (positive predictive value 98%-99%), both in healthy subjects and arrhythmic patients. The rejection of arrhythmic beats is almost complete (sensitivity to arrhythmic beats 7%-3%), while the sensitivity to sinus rhythm beats is not compromised (96%-91%). SIGNIFICANCE: The developed algorithm consistently detects normal sinus rhythm beats in a PPG signal by rejecting artefacts and, as a first of its kind, arrhythmic beats. This increases the reliability in the extraction of features which are adversely influenced by the presence of non-sinus pulses, whether related to inter-beat intervals or to pulse morphology, from wrist-worn PPG signals recorded in free-living conditions.

TaalEngels
Aantal pagina's1
TijdschriftPhysiological Measurement
Volume39
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 26 nov 2018

Vingerafdruk

Photoplethysmography
Wrist
Pulse
Artifacts
Template matching
Social Conditions
Physiologic Monitoring
Healthy Volunteers
Sleep
Exercise
Monitoring

Citeer dit

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title = "Sinus or not: a new beat detection algorithm based on a pulse morphology quality index to extract normal sinus rhythm beats from wrist-worn photoplethysmography recordings",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Wrist-worn photoplethysmography (PPG) can enable free-living physiological monitoring of people during diverse activities, ranging from sleep to physical exercise. In many applications, it is important to remove the pulses not related to sinus rhythm beats from the PPG signal before using it as a cardiovascular descriptor. In this manuscript, we propose an algorithm to assess the morphology of the PPG signal in order to reject non-sinus rhythm pulses, such as artefacts or pulses related to arrhythmic beats. APPROACH: The algorithm segments the PPG signal into individual pulses and dynamically evaluates their morphological likelihood of being normal sinus rhythm pulses via a template-matching approach that accounts for the physiological variability of the signal. The normal sinus rhythm likelihood of each pulse is expressed as a quality index that can be employed to reject artefacts and pulses related to arrhythmic beats. MAIN RESULTS: Thresholding the pulse quality index enables near-perfect detection of normal sinus rhythm beats by rejecting most of the non-sinus rhythm pulses (positive predictive value 98{\%}-99{\%}), both in healthy subjects and arrhythmic patients. The rejection of arrhythmic beats is almost complete (sensitivity to arrhythmic beats 7{\%}-3{\%}), while the sensitivity to sinus rhythm beats is not compromised (96{\%}-91{\%}). SIGNIFICANCE: The developed algorithm consistently detects normal sinus rhythm beats in a PPG signal by rejecting artefacts and, as a first of its kind, arrhythmic beats. This increases the reliability in the extraction of features which are adversely influenced by the presence of non-sinus pulses, whether related to inter-beat intervals or to pulse morphology, from wrist-worn PPG signals recorded in free-living conditions.",
author = "Papini, {Gabriele B.} and Pedro Fonseca and Eerik{\"a}inen, {Linda M.} and Sebastiaan Overeem and Bergmans, {Jan W.M.} and Rik Vullings",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
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doi = "10.1088/1361-6579/aae7f8",
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T2 - Physiological Measurement

AU - Papini,Gabriele B.

AU - Fonseca,Pedro

AU - Eerikäinen,Linda M.

AU - Overeem,Sebastiaan

AU - Bergmans,Jan W.M.

AU - Vullings,Rik

PY - 2018/11/26

Y1 - 2018/11/26

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Wrist-worn photoplethysmography (PPG) can enable free-living physiological monitoring of people during diverse activities, ranging from sleep to physical exercise. In many applications, it is important to remove the pulses not related to sinus rhythm beats from the PPG signal before using it as a cardiovascular descriptor. In this manuscript, we propose an algorithm to assess the morphology of the PPG signal in order to reject non-sinus rhythm pulses, such as artefacts or pulses related to arrhythmic beats. APPROACH: The algorithm segments the PPG signal into individual pulses and dynamically evaluates their morphological likelihood of being normal sinus rhythm pulses via a template-matching approach that accounts for the physiological variability of the signal. The normal sinus rhythm likelihood of each pulse is expressed as a quality index that can be employed to reject artefacts and pulses related to arrhythmic beats. MAIN RESULTS: Thresholding the pulse quality index enables near-perfect detection of normal sinus rhythm beats by rejecting most of the non-sinus rhythm pulses (positive predictive value 98%-99%), both in healthy subjects and arrhythmic patients. The rejection of arrhythmic beats is almost complete (sensitivity to arrhythmic beats 7%-3%), while the sensitivity to sinus rhythm beats is not compromised (96%-91%). SIGNIFICANCE: The developed algorithm consistently detects normal sinus rhythm beats in a PPG signal by rejecting artefacts and, as a first of its kind, arrhythmic beats. This increases the reliability in the extraction of features which are adversely influenced by the presence of non-sinus pulses, whether related to inter-beat intervals or to pulse morphology, from wrist-worn PPG signals recorded in free-living conditions.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Wrist-worn photoplethysmography (PPG) can enable free-living physiological monitoring of people during diverse activities, ranging from sleep to physical exercise. In many applications, it is important to remove the pulses not related to sinus rhythm beats from the PPG signal before using it as a cardiovascular descriptor. In this manuscript, we propose an algorithm to assess the morphology of the PPG signal in order to reject non-sinus rhythm pulses, such as artefacts or pulses related to arrhythmic beats. APPROACH: The algorithm segments the PPG signal into individual pulses and dynamically evaluates their morphological likelihood of being normal sinus rhythm pulses via a template-matching approach that accounts for the physiological variability of the signal. The normal sinus rhythm likelihood of each pulse is expressed as a quality index that can be employed to reject artefacts and pulses related to arrhythmic beats. MAIN RESULTS: Thresholding the pulse quality index enables near-perfect detection of normal sinus rhythm beats by rejecting most of the non-sinus rhythm pulses (positive predictive value 98%-99%), both in healthy subjects and arrhythmic patients. The rejection of arrhythmic beats is almost complete (sensitivity to arrhythmic beats 7%-3%), while the sensitivity to sinus rhythm beats is not compromised (96%-91%). SIGNIFICANCE: The developed algorithm consistently detects normal sinus rhythm beats in a PPG signal by rejecting artefacts and, as a first of its kind, arrhythmic beats. This increases the reliability in the extraction of features which are adversely influenced by the presence of non-sinus pulses, whether related to inter-beat intervals or to pulse morphology, from wrist-worn PPG signals recorded in free-living conditions.

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