Semiautomatic training and evaluation of a learning-based vehicle make and model recognition system

Matthijs H. Zwemer, Guido M.Y.E. Brouwers, Rob G.J. Wijnhoven, Peter H.N. de With

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We describe a system for vehicle make and model recognition (MMR) that automatically detects and classifies the make and model of a car from a live camera mounted above the highway. Vehicles are detected using a histogram of oriented gradient detector and then classified by a convolutional neural network (CNN) incorporating the frontal view of the car. We propose a semiautomatic data-selection approach for the vehicle detector and the classifier, by using an automatic number plate recognition engine to minimize human effort. The resulting classification has a top-1 accuracy of 97.3% for 500 vehicle models. This paper presents a more extensive in-depth evaluation. We evaluate the effect of occlusion and have found that the most informative vehicle region is the grill at the front. Recognition remains accurate when the left or right part of vehicles is occluded. The small fraction of misclassifications mainly originates from errors in the dataset, or from insufficient visual information for specific vehicle models. Comparison of state-of-The-Art CNN architectures shows similar performance for the MMR problem, supporting our findings that the classification performance is dominated by the dataset quality.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer051225
TijdschriftJournal of Electronic Imaging
Volume27
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 sep 2018

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