Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt)

W.H.M. Schijns

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

AI-Qasr is a small historical town in the Dakhleh Oasis in the Western Desert in Egypt. The old center of al-Qasr, completely built in mud brick, is now almost abandoned and is deteriorating more and more. The endangered earthen architecture, which still determines the shape of the town, dates from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) has recognized the value of this endangered architecture and as a result the town of al-Qasr was placed under monument protection. There were, however, no actual plans regarding maintenance and reuse. This paper includes a partial description of a Qasr Dakhleh Project (QDP), which has recently started, and which aims to rehabilitate and repopulate the old city by studying the architecture, building history and developing of a pilot model for restauration and rehabilitation. The inner town mainly consists of four storeyed houses that were built in such a way that they are adequately adapted to the hot climate ofthe desert: they are built very compactly with narrow, often covered streets and ingenious ventilation systems. Examples demonstrate how, after restauration and reconstruction, the qualities of these old structures could be useful again for present-day inhabitants. The traditional and sustainable building technology using sun-dried mud bricks will be maintained and executed by local masons, who still master this skill well enough to be able to reconstruct the buildings in the original way. The success of the rehabitation will be crucial to the survival of the mud-brick architecture of al-Qasr. The results of the pilot will provide the decisive answer to this question.
TaalEngels
TitelProceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran
RedacteurenH. Barzegar, R. Karaji
Pagina's504-512
StatusGepubliceerd - 2003

Vingerafdruk

Rehabilitation
Reuse
Dakhleh Oasis
Egypt
Mud Brick
Restauration
Climate
Antiquity
History
Sun
Western Desert

Citeer dit

Schijns, W. H. M. (2003). Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt). In H. Barzegar, & R. Karaji (editors), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran (blz. 504-512)
Schijns, W.H.M./ Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt). Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran. redacteur / H. Barzegar ; R. Karaji. 2003. blz. 504-512
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title = "Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt)",
abstract = "AI-Qasr is a small historical town in the Dakhleh Oasis in the Western Desert in Egypt. The old center of al-Qasr, completely built in mud brick, is now almost abandoned and is deteriorating more and more. The endangered earthen architecture, which still determines the shape of the town, dates from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) has recognized the value of this endangered architecture and as a result the town of al-Qasr was placed under monument protection. There were, however, no actual plans regarding maintenance and reuse. This paper includes a partial description of a Qasr Dakhleh Project (QDP), which has recently started, and which aims to rehabilitate and repopulate the old city by studying the architecture, building history and developing of a pilot model for restauration and rehabilitation. The inner town mainly consists of four storeyed houses that were built in such a way that they are adequately adapted to the hot climate ofthe desert: they are built very compactly with narrow, often covered streets and ingenious ventilation systems. Examples demonstrate how, after restauration and reconstruction, the qualities of these old structures could be useful again for present-day inhabitants. The traditional and sustainable building technology using sun-dried mud bricks will be maintained and executed by local masons, who still master this skill well enough to be able to reconstruct the buildings in the original way. The success of the rehabitation will be crucial to the survival of the mud-brick architecture of al-Qasr. The results of the pilot will provide the decisive answer to this question.",
author = "W.H.M. Schijns",
year = "2003",
language = "English",
pages = "504--512",
editor = "H. Barzegar and R. Karaji",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran",

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Schijns, WHM 2003, Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt). in H Barzegar & R Karaji (redactie), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran. blz. 504-512.

Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt). / Schijns, W.H.M.

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran. redactie / H. Barzegar; R. Karaji. 2003. blz. 504-512.

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademicpeer review

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T1 - Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt)

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N2 - AI-Qasr is a small historical town in the Dakhleh Oasis in the Western Desert in Egypt. The old center of al-Qasr, completely built in mud brick, is now almost abandoned and is deteriorating more and more. The endangered earthen architecture, which still determines the shape of the town, dates from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) has recognized the value of this endangered architecture and as a result the town of al-Qasr was placed under monument protection. There were, however, no actual plans regarding maintenance and reuse. This paper includes a partial description of a Qasr Dakhleh Project (QDP), which has recently started, and which aims to rehabilitate and repopulate the old city by studying the architecture, building history and developing of a pilot model for restauration and rehabilitation. The inner town mainly consists of four storeyed houses that were built in such a way that they are adequately adapted to the hot climate ofthe desert: they are built very compactly with narrow, often covered streets and ingenious ventilation systems. Examples demonstrate how, after restauration and reconstruction, the qualities of these old structures could be useful again for present-day inhabitants. The traditional and sustainable building technology using sun-dried mud bricks will be maintained and executed by local masons, who still master this skill well enough to be able to reconstruct the buildings in the original way. The success of the rehabitation will be crucial to the survival of the mud-brick architecture of al-Qasr. The results of the pilot will provide the decisive answer to this question.

AB - AI-Qasr is a small historical town in the Dakhleh Oasis in the Western Desert in Egypt. The old center of al-Qasr, completely built in mud brick, is now almost abandoned and is deteriorating more and more. The endangered earthen architecture, which still determines the shape of the town, dates from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) has recognized the value of this endangered architecture and as a result the town of al-Qasr was placed under monument protection. There were, however, no actual plans regarding maintenance and reuse. This paper includes a partial description of a Qasr Dakhleh Project (QDP), which has recently started, and which aims to rehabilitate and repopulate the old city by studying the architecture, building history and developing of a pilot model for restauration and rehabilitation. The inner town mainly consists of four storeyed houses that were built in such a way that they are adequately adapted to the hot climate ofthe desert: they are built very compactly with narrow, often covered streets and ingenious ventilation systems. Examples demonstrate how, after restauration and reconstruction, the qualities of these old structures could be useful again for present-day inhabitants. The traditional and sustainable building technology using sun-dried mud bricks will be maintained and executed by local masons, who still master this skill well enough to be able to reconstruct the buildings in the original way. The success of the rehabitation will be crucial to the survival of the mud-brick architecture of al-Qasr. The results of the pilot will provide the decisive answer to this question.

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 504

EP - 512

BT - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran

ER -

Schijns WHM. Rehabilitation & reuse of historical mud-brick architecture in El-Qasr (Dakhleh oasis Egypt). In Barzegar H, Karaji R, redacteurs, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architecture, Terra 2003, Yazd, Iran. 2003. blz. 504-512.