Registration of 2D x-ray images to 3D MRI by generating pseudo-CT data

M.J. Bom, van der, J.P.W. Pluim, M.J. Gounis, E.B. Kraats, van de, S.M. Sprinkhuizen, J. Timmer, R. Homan, L.W. Bartels

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

13 Citaten (Scopus)


Spatial and soft tissue information provided by magnetic resonance imaging can be very valuable during image-guided procedures, where usually only realtime two-dimensional (2D) x-ray images are available. Registration of 2D x-ray images to three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, acquired prior to the procedure, can provide optimal information to guide the procedure. However, registering x-ray images to MRI data is not a trivial task because of their fundamental difference in tissue contrast. This paper presents a technique that generates pseudo-computed tomography (CT) data from multi-spectral MRI acquisitions which is sufficiently similar to real CT data to enable registration of x-ray to MRI with comparable accuracy as registration of x-ray to CT. The method is based on a k-nearest-neighbors (kNN)-regression strategy which labels voxels of MRI data with CT Hounsfield Units. The regression method uses multi-spectral MRI intensities and intensity gradients as features to discriminate between various tissue types. The efficacy of using pseudo-CT data for registration of x-ray to MRI was tested on ex vivo animal data. 2D-3D registration experiments using CT and pseudo-CT data of multiple subjects were performed with a commonly used 2D-3D registration algorithm. On average, the median target registration error for registration of two x-ray images to MRI data was approximately 1 mm larger than for x-ray to CT registration. The authors have shown that pseudo-CT data generated from multi-spectral MRI facilitate registration of MRI to x-ray images. From the experiments it could be concluded that the accuracy achieved was comparable to that of registering x-ray images to CT data. © 2011 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1031-1043
TijdschriftPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusGepubliceerd - 2011


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