Regional fibre stress : fibre strain area as an estimate of regional blood flow and oxygen demand in the canine heart

T. Delhaas, M.G.J. Arts, F.W. Prinzen, R.S. Reneman

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1. In the present study the relation between regional left ventricular contractile work, regional myocardial blood flow and oxygen uptake was assessed during asynchronous electrical activation. 2. In analogy to the use of the pressure-volume area for the estimation of global oxygen demand, the fibre stress-fibre strain area, as assessed regionally, was used to estimate regional oxygen demand. The more often used relation between the pressure-sarcomere length area and regional oxygen demand was also assessed. 3. Experiments were performed in six anaesthetized dogs with open chests. Regional differences in mechanical work were generated by asynchronous electrical activation of the myocardial wall. The ventricles were paced from the right atrium, the left ventricular free wall, the left ventricular apex or the right ventricular outflow tract. Regional fibre strain was measured at the epicardial anterior left ventricular free wall with a two-dimensional video technique. 4. Regional fibre stress was estimated from left ventricular pressure, the ratio of left ventricular cavity volume to wall volume, and regional deformation. Total mechanical power (TMP) was calculated from the fibre stress-fibre strain area (SSA) and the duration of the cardiac cycle (tcycle) using the equation: TMP = SSA/tcycle. Regional myocardial blood flow was measured with radioactive microspheres. Regional oxygen uptake was estimated from regional myocardial blood flow values and arteriovenous differences in oxygen content. 5. During asynchronous electrical activation, total mechanical power, pressure-sarcomere length area, myocardial blood flow and oxygen uptake were significantly lower in early than in late activated regions (P <0.05). 6. Within the experiments, the correlation between the pressure-sarcomere length area and regional oxygen uptake was not significantly lower than the one between total mechanical power (TMP) and regional oxygen uptake (VO2,reg). However, variability of this relation between the experiments was less for total mechanical power. Pooling all experimental data revealed: VO2,reg = k1 TMP+k2, with k1 = 4.94 +/- 0.31 mol J-1 k2 = 24.2 +/- 1.9 mmol m-3 s-1 (means +/- standard error of the estimate). 7. This relation is in quantitative agreement with previously reported relations between the pressure-volume area and global oxygen demand. The results indicate that asynchronous electrical activation causes a redistribution of mechanical work and oxygen demand and that regional total mechanical power is a better and more general estimate of regional oxygen demand than the regional pressure-sarcomere length area. [Journal Article; In English; England]
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)481-496
TijdschriftThe journal of physiology
Volume477 ( Pt 3)
StatusGepubliceerd - 1994


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