Quantifying process equivalence based on observed behavior

A.K. Alves De Medeiros, W.M.P. Aalst, van der, A.J.M.M. Weijters

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

113 Citaten (Scopus)


In various application domains there is a desire to compare process models, e.g., to relate an organization-specific process model to a reference model, to find a web service matching some desired service description, or to compare some normative process model with a process model discovered using process mining techniques. Although many researchers have worked on different notions of equivalence (e.g., trace equivalence, bisimulation, branching bisimulation, etc.), most of the existing notions are not very useful in this context. First of all, most equivalence notions result in a binary answer (i.e., two processes are equivalent or not). This is not very helpful because, in real-life applications, one needs to differentiate between slightly different models and completely different models. Second, not all parts of a process model are equally important. There may be parts of the process model that are rarely activated (i.e., "process veins") while other parts are executed for most process instances (i.e., the "process arteries"). Clearly, differences in some veins of a process are less important than differences in the main arteries of a process. To address the problem, this paper proposes a completely new way of comparing process models. Rather than directly comparing two models, the process models are compared with respect to some typical behavior. This way, we are able to avoid the two problems just mentioned. The approach has been implemented and has been used in the context of genetic process mining. Although the results are presented in the context of Petri nets, the approach can be applied to any process modeling language with executable semantics.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)55-74
TijdschriftData & Knowledge Engineering
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusGepubliceerd - 2008


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