Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective

F.W. Geels

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

    403 Citaten (Scopus)
    3 Downloads (Pure)

    Samenvatting

    This article investigates transitions at the level of societal functions (e.g., transport, communication, housing). Societal functions are fulfilled by sociotechnical systems, which consist of a cluster of aligned elements, e.g., artifacts, knowledge, markets, regulation, cultural meaning, infrastructure, maintenance networks and supply networks. Transitions are conceptualised as system innovations, i.e., a change from one sociotechnical system to another. The article describes a co-evolutionary multi-level perspective to understand how system innovations come about through the interplay between technology and society. The article makes a new step as it further refines the multi-level perspective by distinguishing characteristic patterns: (a) two transition routes, (b) fit–stretch pattern, and (c) patterns in breakthrough.
    Originele taal-2Engels
    Pagina's (van-tot)681-696
    Aantal pagina's16
    TijdschriftTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
    Volume72
    Nummer van het tijdschrift6
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2005

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