Probing Laser-Induced Spin-Current Generation in Synthetic Ferrimagnets Using Spin Waves

Tom Lichtenberg (Corresponding author), Youri L.W. van Hees, Maarten Beens, Caspar J. Levels, Reinoud Lavrijsen, Rembert A. Duine, Bert Koopmans

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademic

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Several rare-earth transition-metal ferrimagnetic systems exhibit all-optical magnetization switching upon excitation with a femtosecond laser pulse. Although this phenomenon is very promising for future opto-magnetic data storage applications, the role of non-local spin transport in these systems is scarcely understood. Using Co/Gd and Co/Tb bilayers we isolate the contribution of the rare-earth materials to the generated spin currents by using the precessional dynamics they excite in an adjacent ferromagnetic layer as a probe. By measuring THz standing spin-waves as well as GHz homogeneous precessional modes, we probe both the high- and low-frequency components of these spin currents. The low-frequency homogeneous mode indicates a significant contribution of Gd to the spin current, but not from Tb, consistent with the difficulty in achieving all-optical switching in Tb-containing systems. Measurements on the THz frequency spin waves reveal the inability of the rare-earth generated spin currents to excite dynamics at the sub-ps timescale. We present modelling efforts using the $s$-$d$ model, which effectively reproduce our results and allow us to explain the behavior in terms of the temporal profile of the spin current.
Originele taal-2Engels
Aantal pagina's31
StatusGepubliceerd - 22 jun. 2022


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