Practice Variations in Exercise Training Programs in Dutch Cardiac Rehabilitation Centers: Prospective, Observational Study

Tom Vromen, Niels Peek, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Hareld M Kemps

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: A recent survey among Dutch cardiac rehabilitation centers demonstrated considerable between-center variations in the contents of exercise training programs. For patients entering cardiac rehabilitation, current guidelines recommend tailored exercise training programs based on patient characteristics and rehabilitation goals.

OBJECTIVE: This study was to analyze to what extent these patient characteristics are determinants of variations in training programs.

DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational study with cross-sectional measurements among 10 cardiac rehabilitation centers.

METHODS: The following data were obtained about patients entering cardiac rehabilitation: referral diagnosis, rehabilitation goals, and exercise training variables. Primary outcomes were variations in total aerobic training time, intensity, and volume before and after case-mix correction for population differences between centers. Secondary outcomes were variations in other training characteristics and the role of exercise testing in the determination of training intensity. Also, the roles of diagnosis and training goals in determining aerobic training time and intensity were studied.

RESULTS: Data from 700 participants were analyzed. There were significant variations between centers in all aerobic and most resistance training characteristics. For aerobic training intensity, time, and volume, great variations remained after case-mix correction. An exercise test was performed for 656 participants (93.7%) but was used to determine training intensity in only 344 (52.4%) of these participants. In most centers, referral diagnosis and rehabilitation goals were unrelated to aerobic training time or intensity.

LIMITATIONS: Some form of selection bias cannot be excluded because the competing centers represented a minority of Dutch exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation centers.

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the contents of training programs varied considerably between cardiac rehabilitation centers, independent of population differences. Furthermore, aerobic training time and intensity were mostly unrelated to rehabilitation goals and referral diagnosis.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)266-275
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftPhysical therapy
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 mrt 2019
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Bibliografische nota

© 2019 American Physical Therapy Association.

Vingerafdruk Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Practice Variations in Exercise Training Programs in Dutch Cardiac Rehabilitation Centers: Prospective, Observational Study'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit