Power handling limit of liquid lithium divertor targets

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Uittreksel

A model is formulated to make a first estimate of the maximum tolerable power of liquid lithium (Li) divertor targets, and to gain insight into their behaviour in terms of Li loss rate and surface temperature. The model, formulated as a simple analytical expression, states that the incoming power is balanced by heat conduction through the target and by the Li which dissipates energy via evaporation, radiation and ion-neutral friction. A target is considered to fail when the net Li loss flux from the surface exceeds the available supply. The model is evaluated over a range of input parameters: Li supply rate, surface layer thickness, redeposition coefficient, and dissipated energy per Li particle lost to the plasma. Based on the results, first, surface temperature locking is expected above a deposited power of ∼10 MW m-2. Second, Li targets are expected to be extremely robust against power deposited during short transient events. A surface layer thickness of 50 micron is sufficient to withstand 60 MJ m-2 vertical displacement events or 20 MJ m-2 disruptions.

TaalEngels
Artikelnummer104002
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftNuclear Fusion
Volume58
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 31 jul 2018

Vingerafdruk

liquid lithium
lithium
surface temperature
surface layers
conductive heat transfer
locking
friction
evaporation
energy
radiation
coefficients
estimates

Trefwoorden

    Citeer dit

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    title = "Power handling limit of liquid lithium divertor targets",
    abstract = "A model is formulated to make a first estimate of the maximum tolerable power of liquid lithium (Li) divertor targets, and to gain insight into their behaviour in terms of Li loss rate and surface temperature. The model, formulated as a simple analytical expression, states that the incoming power is balanced by heat conduction through the target and by the Li which dissipates energy via evaporation, radiation and ion-neutral friction. A target is considered to fail when the net Li loss flux from the surface exceeds the available supply. The model is evaluated over a range of input parameters: Li supply rate, surface layer thickness, redeposition coefficient, and dissipated energy per Li particle lost to the plasma. Based on the results, first, surface temperature locking is expected above a deposited power of ∼10 MW m-2. Second, Li targets are expected to be extremely robust against power deposited during short transient events. A surface layer thickness of 50 micron is sufficient to withstand 60 MJ m-2 vertical displacement events or 20 MJ m-2 disruptions.",
    keywords = "design, divertor, fusion, lithium, power handling",
    author = "P. Rindt and T.W. Morgan and M.A. Jaworski and {Lopes Cardozo}, N.J.",
    year = "2018",
    month = "7",
    day = "31",
    doi = "10.1088/1741-4326/aad290",
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    volume = "58",
    journal = "Nuclear Fusion",
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    publisher = "Institute of Physics",
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    }

    Power handling limit of liquid lithium divertor targets. / Rindt, P.; Morgan, T.W.; Jaworski, M.A.; Lopes Cardozo, N.J.

    In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 58, Nr. 10, 104002, 31.07.2018.

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Power handling limit of liquid lithium divertor targets

    AU - Rindt,P.

    AU - Morgan,T.W.

    AU - Jaworski,M.A.

    AU - Lopes Cardozo,N.J.

    PY - 2018/7/31

    Y1 - 2018/7/31

    N2 - A model is formulated to make a first estimate of the maximum tolerable power of liquid lithium (Li) divertor targets, and to gain insight into their behaviour in terms of Li loss rate and surface temperature. The model, formulated as a simple analytical expression, states that the incoming power is balanced by heat conduction through the target and by the Li which dissipates energy via evaporation, radiation and ion-neutral friction. A target is considered to fail when the net Li loss flux from the surface exceeds the available supply. The model is evaluated over a range of input parameters: Li supply rate, surface layer thickness, redeposition coefficient, and dissipated energy per Li particle lost to the plasma. Based on the results, first, surface temperature locking is expected above a deposited power of ∼10 MW m-2. Second, Li targets are expected to be extremely robust against power deposited during short transient events. A surface layer thickness of 50 micron is sufficient to withstand 60 MJ m-2 vertical displacement events or 20 MJ m-2 disruptions.

    AB - A model is formulated to make a first estimate of the maximum tolerable power of liquid lithium (Li) divertor targets, and to gain insight into their behaviour in terms of Li loss rate and surface temperature. The model, formulated as a simple analytical expression, states that the incoming power is balanced by heat conduction through the target and by the Li which dissipates energy via evaporation, radiation and ion-neutral friction. A target is considered to fail when the net Li loss flux from the surface exceeds the available supply. The model is evaluated over a range of input parameters: Li supply rate, surface layer thickness, redeposition coefficient, and dissipated energy per Li particle lost to the plasma. Based on the results, first, surface temperature locking is expected above a deposited power of ∼10 MW m-2. Second, Li targets are expected to be extremely robust against power deposited during short transient events. A surface layer thickness of 50 micron is sufficient to withstand 60 MJ m-2 vertical displacement events or 20 MJ m-2 disruptions.

    KW - design

    KW - divertor

    KW - fusion

    KW - lithium

    KW - power handling

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