Potential effects of the hydrostatic pressure gradient on hyperemic and nonhyperemic pressure ratios

Naomi H.M. Florie, Rob Eerdekens, Maria V. Manzi, Eduard Heinrichs, Marcel van 't Veer, Niels van Royen, Pim A.L. Tonino, Lokien X. van Nunen (Corresponding author)

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)


When measuring hyperemic and nonhyperemic pressure ratios with traditional sensor-tipped wires, the inevitable hydrostatic pressure gradient (HPG) may influence treatment decisions. This study aimed to simulate and analyze the effect of a hydrostatic pressure gradient on different indices of functional lesion severity. A hypothetical Pd-Pa height difference and subsequent hydrostatic pressure gradient based on previous literature was applied to the pressure measurements from the CONTRAST study. The effect on three indices of functional lesion severity (FFR, Pd/Pa, and dPR) was assessed and possible reclassifications in functional significance by the different indices were analyzed. In 602 pressure tracings, simulated hydrostatic pressure gradients led to an absolute change in Pd of 3.18 ± 1.30 mmHg, resulting in an overall increase in FFR, Pd/Pa, and dPR of 0.02 ± 0.04 for all indices (P = 0.69). Reclassification due to the hydrostatic pressure gradient when using dichotomous cutoff values occurred in 13.4, 22.3, and 20.6% for FFR, Pd/Pa, and dPR, respectively. The effect of hydrostatic pressure gradient correction differed among the coronary arteries and was most pronounced in the left anterior descending. When considering the gray zone for the different functional indices, the hydrostatic pressure gradient resulted in reclassification in only one patient out of the complete patient population (1/602; 0.17%). The hydrostatic pressure gradient can influence functional lesion assessment when using dichotomous cutoff values. When taking the gray zone into account, its effect is limited.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study systematically simulated the effect of hydrostatic pressure gradients (HPG) on real-world hyperemic and nonhyperemic pressure ratios, showing correction for HPG leads to reclassification in functional significance from 13.4 to 22.3% for different functional indices. This was most pronounced in nonhyperemic pressure ratios. A new pressure guidewire (Wirecath) is unaffected by HPG. The ongoing PW-COMPARE study (NCT04802681) prospectively analyzes the magnitude and importance of HPG by simultaneous FFR measurements.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)H562-H568
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftAmerican journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 sep. 2023
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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