Nonlinear Transient Permeability in pH-Responsive Bicontinuous Nanospheres: Journal of the American Chemical Society

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Samenvatting

We demonstrate the construction of pH-responsive bicontinuous nanospheres (BCNs) with nonlinear transient permeability and catalytic activity. The BCNs were assembled from amphiphilic block copolymers comprising pH-responsive groups and were loaded with the enzymes urease and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). A transient membrane permeability switch was introduced by employing the well-known pH-increasing effect of urease upon conversion of urea to ammonia. As expected, the coencapsulated HRP displayed a transiently regulated catalytic output profile upon addition of urea, with no significant product formation after the pH increase. This transient process displayed a nonlinear “dampening” behavior, induced by a decrease in membrane permeability as a result of significant local ammonia production. Furthermore, the catalytic output of HRP could be modulated by addition of different amounts of urea or by altering the buffer capacity of the system. Finally, this nonlinear dampening effect was not observed in spherical polymersomes, even though the membrane permeability could also be inhibited by addition of urea. The specific BCN morphology therefore allows to optimally control catalytic processes by pH changes in the nanoreactor microenvironment compared to bulk conditions due to its unique permeability profile.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)8600-8608
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume145
Nummer van het tijdschrift15
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 19 apr. 2023

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