Noncontact respiration monitoring techniques in young children: A scoping review

Marjolein N. van der Linden, Esther S. Veldhoen, Emad Arasteh, Xi Long, Thomas Alderliesten, Robbin de Goederen, Jeroen Dudink (Corresponding author)

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikel recenserenpeer review


Pediatric sleep-related breathing disorders, or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), cover a range of conditions, including obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation disorders, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorder. Pediatric SDB is often underdiagnosed, potentially due to difficulties associated with performing the gold standard polysomnography in children. This scoping review aims to: (1) provide an overview of the studies reporting on safe, noncontact monitoring of respiration in young children, (2) describe the accuracy of these techniques, and (3) highlight their respective advantages and limitations. PubMed and EMBASE were searched for studies researching techniques in children <12 years old. Both quantitative data and the quality of the studies were analyzed. The evaluation of study quality was conducted using the QUADAS-2 tool. A total of 19 studies were included. Techniques could be grouped into bed-based methods, microwave radar, video, infrared (IR) cameras, and garment-embedded sensors. Most studies either measured respiratory rate (RR) or detected apneas; n = 2 aimed to do both. At present, bed-based approaches are at the forefront of research in noncontact RR monitoring in children, boasting the most sophisticated algorithms in this field. Yet, despite extensive studies, there remains no consensus on a definitive method that outperforms the rest. The accuracies reported by these studies tend to cluster within a similar range, indicating that no single technique has emerged as markedly superior. Notably, all identified methods demonstrate capability in detecting body movements and RR, with reported safety for use in children across the board. Further research into contactless alternatives should focus on cost-effectiveness, ease-of-use, and widespread availability.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1871-1884
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftPediatric Pulmonology
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
Vroegere onlinedatum25 apr. 2024
StatusGepubliceerd - jul. 2024


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