Multi-criteria feasibility assessment of cost-optimized alternatives to comply with heating demand of existing office buildings – a case study

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In line with the EU's goal to phase out the use of fossil fuel, the Dutch government is determined to have gas-free new buildings from 2018 onwards. However, with over 90% of the heating demand in both existing residential and commercial buildings currently accomplished with natural gas, transitioning to a gas-free system in existing buildings remains an enormous challenge. Though electric heat pumps are gaining large ground as a substitute, the increase in electricity consumption also introduces uncertainties and further complexities to an already constrained electricity grid. This paper thus evaluates, the impact of switching to a greener demand side with all-electric heating systems for existing characteristics of the office buildings, with the current composition of the electricity production side in the Netherlands. Using multi-objective computational simulations with linear programming and feasibility assessment using the Kesselring method, the study reveals hybrid energy systems (utilizing electricity and gas) favors over all-electric energy systems for fulfilling the heating demand when the buildings are considered individually. This is because the switch to a greener heating system using electricity translates to a shift of demand for fossil energy from the building side to the central production side for the on-going situation in the Netherlands.

TaalEngels
Artikelnummer115968
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftEnergy
Volume187
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 15 nov 2019

Vingerafdruk

Office buildings
Electricity
Heating
Costs
Gases
Electric heating
Fossil fuels
Linear programming
Natural gas
Switches
Pumps
Chemical analysis

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    Citeer dit

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    title = "Multi-criteria feasibility assessment of cost-optimized alternatives to comply with heating demand of existing office buildings – a case study",
    abstract = "In line with the EU's goal to phase out the use of fossil fuel, the Dutch government is determined to have gas-free new buildings from 2018 onwards. However, with over 90{\%} of the heating demand in both existing residential and commercial buildings currently accomplished with natural gas, transitioning to a gas-free system in existing buildings remains an enormous challenge. Though electric heat pumps are gaining large ground as a substitute, the increase in electricity consumption also introduces uncertainties and further complexities to an already constrained electricity grid. This paper thus evaluates, the impact of switching to a greener demand side with all-electric heating systems for existing characteristics of the office buildings, with the current composition of the electricity production side in the Netherlands. Using multi-objective computational simulations with linear programming and feasibility assessment using the Kesselring method, the study reveals hybrid energy systems (utilizing electricity and gas) favors over all-electric energy systems for fulfilling the heating demand when the buildings are considered individually. This is because the switch to a greener heating system using electricity translates to a shift of demand for fossil energy from the building side to the central production side for the on-going situation in the Netherlands.",
    keywords = "BENG criteria, Feasibility assessment, Heat pump, Kesselring method, Optimization, Thermal storage",
    author = "Shalika Walker and Katarina Katic and Wim Maassen and Wim Zeiler",
    year = "2019",
    month = "11",
    day = "15",
    doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2019.115968",
    language = "English",
    volume = "187",
    journal = "Energy",
    issn = "0360-5442",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

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    AU - Walker,Shalika

    AU - Katic,Katarina

    AU - Maassen,Wim

    AU - Zeiler,Wim

    PY - 2019/11/15

    Y1 - 2019/11/15

    N2 - In line with the EU's goal to phase out the use of fossil fuel, the Dutch government is determined to have gas-free new buildings from 2018 onwards. However, with over 90% of the heating demand in both existing residential and commercial buildings currently accomplished with natural gas, transitioning to a gas-free system in existing buildings remains an enormous challenge. Though electric heat pumps are gaining large ground as a substitute, the increase in electricity consumption also introduces uncertainties and further complexities to an already constrained electricity grid. This paper thus evaluates, the impact of switching to a greener demand side with all-electric heating systems for existing characteristics of the office buildings, with the current composition of the electricity production side in the Netherlands. Using multi-objective computational simulations with linear programming and feasibility assessment using the Kesselring method, the study reveals hybrid energy systems (utilizing electricity and gas) favors over all-electric energy systems for fulfilling the heating demand when the buildings are considered individually. This is because the switch to a greener heating system using electricity translates to a shift of demand for fossil energy from the building side to the central production side for the on-going situation in the Netherlands.

    AB - In line with the EU's goal to phase out the use of fossil fuel, the Dutch government is determined to have gas-free new buildings from 2018 onwards. However, with over 90% of the heating demand in both existing residential and commercial buildings currently accomplished with natural gas, transitioning to a gas-free system in existing buildings remains an enormous challenge. Though electric heat pumps are gaining large ground as a substitute, the increase in electricity consumption also introduces uncertainties and further complexities to an already constrained electricity grid. This paper thus evaluates, the impact of switching to a greener demand side with all-electric heating systems for existing characteristics of the office buildings, with the current composition of the electricity production side in the Netherlands. Using multi-objective computational simulations with linear programming and feasibility assessment using the Kesselring method, the study reveals hybrid energy systems (utilizing electricity and gas) favors over all-electric energy systems for fulfilling the heating demand when the buildings are considered individually. This is because the switch to a greener heating system using electricity translates to a shift of demand for fossil energy from the building side to the central production side for the on-going situation in the Netherlands.

    KW - BENG criteria

    KW - Feasibility assessment

    KW - Heat pump

    KW - Kesselring method

    KW - Optimization

    KW - Thermal storage

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