Movement-induced orientation: a potential mechanisms of cartilage collagen network morphogenesis

K. Ito, S. Tepic

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureHoofdstukAcademicpeer review


Articular cartilage is a layer of tissue lining the articulating osseous ends in diarthroidal joints. Its primary function is to provide a durable, low friction, load-bearing surface. Cartilage on cartilage, lubricated with synovial fluid, has a coefficient of friction of 0.02–0.005 (Charnley 1959), and regularly provides problem-free performance for a lifetime. Although this may not seem so remarkable, comparison to synthetic bearings is quite revealing. The coefficient of friction for steel on steel lubricated with oil is 0.1 (Jones 1936) and that of dry Teflon on Teflon is 0.04 (Bowden and Tabor 1950). Furthermore, the life of mechanical bearings is often less than 20 years. Articular cartilage is an exceptional material with an optimal design for its function.
Originele taal-2Engels
TitelOsteoarthrosis : Fundamentals and Strategies in Joint-Preserving Treatment
RedacteurenJ. Gifka, D.J. Ogilvie-Harris
Plaats van productieBerlin
ISBN van elektronische versie978-3-642-87752-0
ISBN van geprinte versie978-3-642-87754-4
StatusGepubliceerd - 1999


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