We evaluate various molecular tagging velocimetry (MTV) techniques for application in turbulent flows of gases where the smallest length scales must be resolved. We argue that tracer diffusion dictates the use of large complex molecules and discuss a few candidate molecules. The accuracy of MTV is determined by the profile of written lines which widen due to molecular dynamics, including both diffusion and chemical reaction. We evaluate these profiles for tagging with phosphorescing biacetyl molecules, which is a commonly used probe in MTV. For relatively large laser power, these profiles are determined not by molecular diffusion, but by the triplet-triplet annihilation reaction of excited biacetyl molecules. We identify a new reaction pathway, and present a model for the observed line shapes. The rapid widening of tagged lines of biacetyl molecules due to chemical reaction restricts this MTV technique to large-scale turbulent motion in gases of comparable molecular weight.
|Tijdschrift||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 2012|