Measuring the quality of urban environments : a need-based micro-simulation approach

T.A. Arentze, P.J.H.J. Waerden, van der, J.W. Bergen, van, H.J.P. Timmermans

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)
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The ability of an urban environment to support the daily activities individuals need or wish to conduct in time and space has received attention particularly in constraints-based approaches. These approaches do, however, not consider needs underlying an individual’s activities. In this paper, we develop a new measurement approach that is based on a needs-based theory that we developed in earlier work. In this approach, the quality of an environment is measured based on a representative set of daily activity patterns in a studied population. Activity patterns are spatially represented as route systems in a GIS environment and attributes of stops and routes are measured using standard GIS tools. Using the needs-based model, the extent to which each activity pattern satisfies a set of needs is measured as a function of mode and duration-dependent exposure to these attributes of the environment. The aggregated need-satisfaction across activity patterns is taken as a measure of quality. We illustrate the method in a case study where we use TransCAD for spatial analysis and an existing activity diary dataset from the Eindhoven region and where we focus on green-recreation needs. The case study shows the sensitivity of the measure for spatial scenarios regarding availability and spatial distribution of green area in the city.
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)195-109
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftApplied Spatial Analysis and Policy
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusGepubliceerd - 2010


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