When involving children in the design process, it is important to understand the novelty of their design solutions. This paper reviews the applicability of an often cited novelty metric Shah et al. (2003) for the comparison of two design methods conducted with 8–10 year old children. The novelty metric is applied to data that is different for a number of parameters, such as a different design phase (exploratory instead of conceptual), size and variety. The results yielded by this novelty metric are not straightforward. This paper describes the difficulties encountered and introduces an alternative approach. The alternative approach leads to better results for any amount of data, for an exploratory phase. Additionally the paper explains how this approach increases the sensitivity for detecting differences in novelty when comparing design methods.
Sluis, R. J. W., Bekker, M. M., Eggen, J. H., Vermeeren, A., & de Ridder, H. (2016). Measuring and comparing novelty for design solutions generated by young children through different design methods. Design Studies, 43, 48-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2016.01.001