Magnetic chirality controlled by the interlayer exchange interaction

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Chiral magnetism, wherein there is a preferred sense of rotation of the magnetization, has become a key aspect for future spintronic applications. It determines the chiral nature of magnetic textures, such as skyrmions, domain walls or spin spirals, and a specific magnetic chirality is often required for spintronic applications. Current research focuses on identifying and controlling the interactions that define the magnetic chirality. The influence of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (iDMI) and, recently, the dipolar interactions have previously been reported. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that an indirect interlayer exchange interaction can be used as an additional tool to effectively manipulate the magnetic chirality. We image the chirality of magnetic domain walls in a coupled bilayer system using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA). Upon increasing the interlayer exchange coupling, we induce a transition of the magnetic chirality from clockwise rotating N\'eel walls to degenerate Bloch-N\'eel domain walls and we confirm our findings with micromagnetic simulations. In multi-layered systems relevant for skyrmion research a uniform magnetic chirality across the magnetic layers is often desired. Additional simulations show that this can be achieved for reduced iDMI values when exploiting the interlayer exchange interaction. This work opens up new ways to control and tailor the magnetic chirality by the interlayer exchange interaction.
Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer1909.08909v1
Aantal pagina's26
TijdschriftarXiv
StatusGepubliceerd - 19 sep 2019

Vingerafdruk

chirality
interlayers
domain wall
interactions
magnetic domains
textures
simulation
magnetization
scanning electron microscopy
polarization

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title = "Magnetic chirality controlled by the interlayer exchange interaction",
abstract = "Chiral magnetism, wherein there is a preferred sense of rotation of the magnetization, has become a key aspect for future spintronic applications. It determines the chiral nature of magnetic textures, such as skyrmions, domain walls or spin spirals, and a specific magnetic chirality is often required for spintronic applications. Current research focuses on identifying and controlling the interactions that define the magnetic chirality. The influence of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (iDMI) and, recently, the dipolar interactions have previously been reported. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that an indirect interlayer exchange interaction can be used as an additional tool to effectively manipulate the magnetic chirality. We image the chirality of magnetic domain walls in a coupled bilayer system using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA). Upon increasing the interlayer exchange coupling, we induce a transition of the magnetic chirality from clockwise rotating N\'eel walls to degenerate Bloch-N\'eel domain walls and we confirm our findings with micromagnetic simulations. In multi-layered systems relevant for skyrmion research a uniform magnetic chirality across the magnetic layers is often desired. Additional simulations show that this can be achieved for reduced iDMI values when exploiting the interlayer exchange interaction. This work opens up new ways to control and tailor the magnetic chirality by the interlayer exchange interaction.",
keywords = "cond-mat.mes-hall",
author = "Meijer, {Mari{\"e}lle J.} and Juriaan Lucassen and K. Fabian and Robert Fr{\"o}mter and Oleg Kurnosikov and Duine, {Rembert A.} and Swagten, {Henk J. M.} and Bert Koopmans and Reinoud Lavrijsen",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
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language = "English",
journal = "arXiv",
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T1 - Magnetic chirality controlled by the interlayer exchange interaction

AU - Meijer, Mariëlle J.

AU - Lucassen, Juriaan

AU - Fabian, K.

AU - Frömter, Robert

AU - Kurnosikov, Oleg

AU - Duine, Rembert A.

AU - Swagten, Henk J. M.

AU - Koopmans, Bert

AU - Lavrijsen, Reinoud

PY - 2019/9/19

Y1 - 2019/9/19

N2 - Chiral magnetism, wherein there is a preferred sense of rotation of the magnetization, has become a key aspect for future spintronic applications. It determines the chiral nature of magnetic textures, such as skyrmions, domain walls or spin spirals, and a specific magnetic chirality is often required for spintronic applications. Current research focuses on identifying and controlling the interactions that define the magnetic chirality. The influence of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (iDMI) and, recently, the dipolar interactions have previously been reported. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that an indirect interlayer exchange interaction can be used as an additional tool to effectively manipulate the magnetic chirality. We image the chirality of magnetic domain walls in a coupled bilayer system using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA). Upon increasing the interlayer exchange coupling, we induce a transition of the magnetic chirality from clockwise rotating N\'eel walls to degenerate Bloch-N\'eel domain walls and we confirm our findings with micromagnetic simulations. In multi-layered systems relevant for skyrmion research a uniform magnetic chirality across the magnetic layers is often desired. Additional simulations show that this can be achieved for reduced iDMI values when exploiting the interlayer exchange interaction. This work opens up new ways to control and tailor the magnetic chirality by the interlayer exchange interaction.

AB - Chiral magnetism, wherein there is a preferred sense of rotation of the magnetization, has become a key aspect for future spintronic applications. It determines the chiral nature of magnetic textures, such as skyrmions, domain walls or spin spirals, and a specific magnetic chirality is often required for spintronic applications. Current research focuses on identifying and controlling the interactions that define the magnetic chirality. The influence of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (iDMI) and, recently, the dipolar interactions have previously been reported. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that an indirect interlayer exchange interaction can be used as an additional tool to effectively manipulate the magnetic chirality. We image the chirality of magnetic domain walls in a coupled bilayer system using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA). Upon increasing the interlayer exchange coupling, we induce a transition of the magnetic chirality from clockwise rotating N\'eel walls to degenerate Bloch-N\'eel domain walls and we confirm our findings with micromagnetic simulations. In multi-layered systems relevant for skyrmion research a uniform magnetic chirality across the magnetic layers is often desired. Additional simulations show that this can be achieved for reduced iDMI values when exploiting the interlayer exchange interaction. This work opens up new ways to control and tailor the magnetic chirality by the interlayer exchange interaction.

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UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.08909

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