This paper investigates the stability of solutions to the problem of viscous flow between an infinite rotating disk and an infinite stationary disk. A random perturbation, satisfying the Von Kármán similarity transformation, is applied to the steady velocity profiles for four solution branches, after which the disturbance propagation is tracked as a function of time. It was found that three of the four solution branches (including the Batchelor solution) were Lyapunov-stable and the development of the Lyapunov-coefficients as a function of the Reynolds number was determined. Stewartson-type of flow was found to be unstable and developed into a flow field corresponding to the Batchelor-solution. The mechanism with which the non-viscous core in this latter type of flow acquired its angular momentum was identified as being dominated by radial convection towards the axis of rotation.
Eeten, van, K. M. P., Schaaf, van der, J., Heijst, van, G. J. F., & Schouten, J. C. (2013). Lyapunov-stability of solution branches of rotating disk flow. Physics of Fluids, 25(7), 073602-1/13. . https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4812704