Single-atom catalysts are at the center of the attention of the heterogeneous catalysis community, because they exhibit unique electronic structure distinct from nanoparticulate forms resulting in very different catalytic performance combined with increased usage of often costly transition metals. Proper selection of a support that can stably keep the metal in a high dispersion is crucial. Here, we employ spin-polarized density functional theory and microkinetics simulations to identify optimum LaBO3 (B = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) supported catalysts dispersing platinum group metals as atoms on their surface. We identify a strong correlation between the CO adsorption energy and the d-band center of the doped metal atom. These CO adsorption strength differences are explained in terms of the electronic structure. In general, Pd-doped surfaces exhibit substantially lower activation barriers for CO2 formation than the Rh- and Pt-doped surfaces. Strong Brønsted-Evans-Polanyi correlations are found for CO oxidation on these single-atom catalysts, providing a tool to predict promising compositions. Microkinetics simulations show that Pd-doped LaCoO3 is the most active catalyst for low-temperature CO oxidation. Moderate CO adsorption strength and low reaction barriers explain the high activity of this composition. Our approach provides guidelines for the design of highly active and cost-effective perovskite supported single-atom catalysts.
Zhang, L., Su, Y-Q., Chang, M-W., Filot, I. A. W., & Hensen, E. J. M. (2019). Linear activation energy-reaction energy relations for LaBO3 (B = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) supported single-atom platinum group metal catalysts for CO oxidation. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123(51), 31130-31141. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b11079