Large-eddy simulation of dual-fuel spray ignition at varying levels of methane diluted ambient oxidizer using FGM

Hesheng Bao (Corresponding author), Jinlin Han, Yan Zhang, Andrea Di Matteo, Dirk Roekaerts, Jeroen Van Oijen, Bart Somers

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2 Citaten (Scopus)
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Samenvatting

In the current work, the Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM) method is applied with large-eddy simulation (LES) to investigate the effect of methane on dual-fuel (DF) spray ignition. The diesel surrogate n-dodecane is injected as the so-called pilot fuel into selected lean methane–air mixtures, ranging from ϕCH4=0 to ϕCH4=0.75, at engine relevant conditions. The operating conditions are those of the completely characterized Engine Combustion Network (ECN) Spray A configuration, for which the modeling approach adopted in the present study was extensively validated. The specific purpose of this study is to extend and validate the FGM approach for dual-fuel combustion. In order to understand the interplay of chemistry and mixing, the ignition behavior of selected cases is investigated. It is found that both low and high temperature combustion (LTC and HTC, respectively) are increasingly retarded by higher values of ϕCH4, while the induction time between LTC and HTC is relatively insensitive compared to the ignition delay time (IDT). Analysis reveals a more prominent role of mixing for increased ϕCH4. The development of LTC and HTC are quantitatively analyzed for different cases. The transition from LTC to HTC is found to be highly correlated with the evolution of lift-off length (LOL), which on its turn is seriously affected by ϕCH4. The local flame behavior is analyzed via chemical explosive mode analysis (CEMA), suggesting a clear flame propagation due to diffusion towards lean mixtures after the ignition of the pilot fuel. Besides, it is found that diffusion helps to stabilize the flame in leaner mixtures, which is more important in DF combustion. The results show FGM to be a promising tool in modeling the DF sprays.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer128901
Aantal pagina's16
TijdschriftFuel
Volume351
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 nov. 2023

Bibliografische nota

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to Tianfeng Lu and Ji-Woong Park from University of Connecticut for help with applying the chemical explosive mode analysis.

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