Investigating optically excited terahertz standing spin waves using noncollinear magnetic bilayers

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Uittreksel

We investigate optically excited terahertz standing spin waves in noncollinear magnetic bilayers. Using femtosecond laser-pulse excitation, a spin current is generated in the first ferromagnetic (FM) layer, and flows through a conductive spacer layer to be injected into the second (transverse) FM layer, where it exerts a spin-transfer torque on the magnetization and excites higher-order standing spin waves. We show that the noncollinear magnetic bilayer is a convenient tool that allows easy excitation of terahertz spin waves, and can be used to investigate the dispersion and thereby the spin-wave stiffness parameter in the thin-film regime. This is experimentally demonstrated using wedge-shaped Co and CoB (absorption) layers. Furthermore, the damping of these terahertz spin waves is investigated, showing a strong increase of the damping with decreasing absorption layer thickness, much stronger than expected from interface spin pumping effects. Additionally, a previously unseen sudden decrease in the damping for the thinnest films is observed. A model for the additional damping contribution incorporating both these observations is proposed.

TaalEngels
Artikelnummer184439
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftPhysical Review B
Volume99
Nummer van het tijdschrift18
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 28 mei 2019

Citeer dit

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title = "Investigating optically excited terahertz standing spin waves using noncollinear magnetic bilayers",
abstract = "We investigate optically excited terahertz standing spin waves in noncollinear magnetic bilayers. Using femtosecond laser-pulse excitation, a spin current is generated in the first ferromagnetic (FM) layer, and flows through a conductive spacer layer to be injected into the second (transverse) FM layer, where it exerts a spin-transfer torque on the magnetization and excites higher-order standing spin waves. We show that the noncollinear magnetic bilayer is a convenient tool that allows easy excitation of terahertz spin waves, and can be used to investigate the dispersion and thereby the spin-wave stiffness parameter in the thin-film regime. This is experimentally demonstrated using wedge-shaped Co and CoB (absorption) layers. Furthermore, the damping of these terahertz spin waves is investigated, showing a strong increase of the damping with decreasing absorption layer thickness, much stronger than expected from interface spin pumping effects. Additionally, a previously unseen sudden decrease in the damping for the thinnest films is observed. A model for the additional damping contribution incorporating both these observations is proposed.",
author = "M.L.M. Lalieu and R. Lavrijsen and R.A. Duine and B. Koopmans",
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Investigating optically excited terahertz standing spin waves using noncollinear magnetic bilayers. / Lalieu, M.L.M.; Lavrijsen, R.; Duine, R.A.; Koopmans, B.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 99, Nr. 18, 184439, 28.05.2019.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating optically excited terahertz standing spin waves using noncollinear magnetic bilayers

AU - Lalieu,M.L.M.

AU - Lavrijsen,R.

AU - Duine,R.A.

AU - Koopmans,B.

PY - 2019/5/28

Y1 - 2019/5/28

N2 - We investigate optically excited terahertz standing spin waves in noncollinear magnetic bilayers. Using femtosecond laser-pulse excitation, a spin current is generated in the first ferromagnetic (FM) layer, and flows through a conductive spacer layer to be injected into the second (transverse) FM layer, where it exerts a spin-transfer torque on the magnetization and excites higher-order standing spin waves. We show that the noncollinear magnetic bilayer is a convenient tool that allows easy excitation of terahertz spin waves, and can be used to investigate the dispersion and thereby the spin-wave stiffness parameter in the thin-film regime. This is experimentally demonstrated using wedge-shaped Co and CoB (absorption) layers. Furthermore, the damping of these terahertz spin waves is investigated, showing a strong increase of the damping with decreasing absorption layer thickness, much stronger than expected from interface spin pumping effects. Additionally, a previously unseen sudden decrease in the damping for the thinnest films is observed. A model for the additional damping contribution incorporating both these observations is proposed.

AB - We investigate optically excited terahertz standing spin waves in noncollinear magnetic bilayers. Using femtosecond laser-pulse excitation, a spin current is generated in the first ferromagnetic (FM) layer, and flows through a conductive spacer layer to be injected into the second (transverse) FM layer, where it exerts a spin-transfer torque on the magnetization and excites higher-order standing spin waves. We show that the noncollinear magnetic bilayer is a convenient tool that allows easy excitation of terahertz spin waves, and can be used to investigate the dispersion and thereby the spin-wave stiffness parameter in the thin-film regime. This is experimentally demonstrated using wedge-shaped Co and CoB (absorption) layers. Furthermore, the damping of these terahertz spin waves is investigated, showing a strong increase of the damping with decreasing absorption layer thickness, much stronger than expected from interface spin pumping effects. Additionally, a previously unseen sudden decrease in the damping for the thinnest films is observed. A model for the additional damping contribution incorporating both these observations is proposed.

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