Illuminating for safety: investigating the role of lighting appraisals on the perception of safety in the urban environment

Leon van Rijswijk, A. Haans

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

In two studies, we took a prospect–refuge based perspective to investigate how lighting and other physical attributes (i.e., prospect, concealment, and entrapment) affect people’s judgments of the safety of urban streets during nighttime. Both studies complement existing research, which predominantly use factorial designs, with more ecologically valid correlational research using a large and representative sample of urban streets as stimulus materials. Results from Study 1 corroborate existing research demonstrating that differences in prospect, concealment, and entrapment predicted, to a large extent, variation in the perceived safety of urban streets—thus demonstrating the utility of such environmental information for making safety judgments in real-life settings. Results from a mediation analysis conducted in Study 2 showed that the relation between appraisals of lighting quality and safety judgments was completely accounted for by co-occurring variation in appraisals of prospect and entrapment. Implications for theory and methodology are discussed.


TaalEngels
Pagina's889-912
Aantal pagina's24
TijdschriftEnvironment and Behavior
Volume50
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
Vroegere onlinedatum20 jul 2017
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 okt 2018

Vingerafdruk

safety
refuge
methodology
lighting
appraisal
analysis
environmental information
attribute
material

Citeer dit

@article{091b995f582b4a2aaf781e926f75adb4,
title = "Illuminating for safety: investigating the role of lighting appraisals on the perception of safety in the urban environment",
abstract = "In two studies, we took a prospect–refuge based perspective to investigate how lighting and other physical attributes (i.e., prospect, concealment, and entrapment) affect people’s judgments of the safety of urban streets during nighttime. Both studies complement existing research, which predominantly use factorial designs, with more ecologically valid correlational research using a large and representative sample of urban streets as stimulus materials. Results from Study 1 corroborate existing research demonstrating that differences in prospect, concealment, and entrapment predicted, to a large extent, variation in the perceived safety of urban streets—thus demonstrating the utility of such environmental information for making safety judgments in real-life settings. Results from a mediation analysis conducted in Study 2 showed that the relation between appraisals of lighting quality and safety judgments was completely accounted for by co-occurring variation in appraisals of prospect and entrapment. Implications for theory and methodology are discussed.",
author = "{van Rijswijk}, Leon and A. Haans",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0013916517718888",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "889--912",
journal = "Environment and Behavior",
issn = "0013-9165",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "8",

}

Illuminating for safety : investigating the role of lighting appraisals on the perception of safety in the urban environment. / van Rijswijk, Leon; Haans, A.

In: Environment and Behavior, Vol. 50, Nr. 8, 01.10.2018, blz. 889-912.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Illuminating for safety

T2 - Environment and Behavior

AU - van Rijswijk,Leon

AU - Haans,A.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - In two studies, we took a prospect–refuge based perspective to investigate how lighting and other physical attributes (i.e., prospect, concealment, and entrapment) affect people’s judgments of the safety of urban streets during nighttime. Both studies complement existing research, which predominantly use factorial designs, with more ecologically valid correlational research using a large and representative sample of urban streets as stimulus materials. Results from Study 1 corroborate existing research demonstrating that differences in prospect, concealment, and entrapment predicted, to a large extent, variation in the perceived safety of urban streets—thus demonstrating the utility of such environmental information for making safety judgments in real-life settings. Results from a mediation analysis conducted in Study 2 showed that the relation between appraisals of lighting quality and safety judgments was completely accounted for by co-occurring variation in appraisals of prospect and entrapment. Implications for theory and methodology are discussed.

AB - In two studies, we took a prospect–refuge based perspective to investigate how lighting and other physical attributes (i.e., prospect, concealment, and entrapment) affect people’s judgments of the safety of urban streets during nighttime. Both studies complement existing research, which predominantly use factorial designs, with more ecologically valid correlational research using a large and representative sample of urban streets as stimulus materials. Results from Study 1 corroborate existing research demonstrating that differences in prospect, concealment, and entrapment predicted, to a large extent, variation in the perceived safety of urban streets—thus demonstrating the utility of such environmental information for making safety judgments in real-life settings. Results from a mediation analysis conducted in Study 2 showed that the relation between appraisals of lighting quality and safety judgments was completely accounted for by co-occurring variation in appraisals of prospect and entrapment. Implications for theory and methodology are discussed.

U2 - 10.1177/0013916517718888

DO - 10.1177/0013916517718888

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 889

EP - 912

JO - Environment and Behavior

JF - Environment and Behavior

SN - 0013-9165

IS - 8

ER -