Highly efficient and stable semi‐transparent p‐i‐n planar perovskite solar cells by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic Layer Deposited ZnO

Mehrdad Najafi, V. Zardetto, D. Zhang, D. Koushik, Maarten S. Dorenkamper, M. Creatore, Ronn Andriessen, Paul Poodt, S. Veenstra

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Uittreksel

The replacement of the conventional top metal contact with a semi‐transparent conducting electrode such as sputtered indium‐tin oxide (ITO) is strictly required to adopt the perovskite solar cell (PSC) in hybrid tandem photovoltaic applications. In order to prevent sputtering damages on the perovskite absorber and the organic materials adopted in p‐i‐n planar architecture, an atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer deposited (s‐ALD) ZnO buffer layer has been included. The use of a 45 nm thick s‐ALD layer enables the fabrication of a PSC with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 14.7%, with a similar PCE when illuminated from the ITO/s‐ALD ZnO side. When adopted in a four terminal configuration with a c‐Si solar cell (PCE of 18.6%), a 2.5% absolute PCE gain is observed with respect to the stand alone c‐Si. Finally, the semi‐transparent PSC shows an excellent shelf life, and only −4% degradation on the tracked maximum power point when encapsulated and aged at 65 °C in an inert atmosphere after 1500 h.
Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer1800147
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftSolar RRL
Volume2
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
Vroegere onlinedatum23 aug 2018
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 okt 2018

Vingerafdruk

atmospheric pressure
solar cells
inert atmosphere
oxides
organic materials
electric contacts
absorbers
buffers
sputtering
degradation
damage
conduction
life (durability)
fabrication
electrodes
configurations
metals

Citeer dit

Najafi, Mehrdad ; Zardetto, V. ; Zhang, D. ; Koushik, D. ; Dorenkamper, Maarten S. ; Creatore, M. ; Andriessen, Ronn ; Poodt, Paul ; Veenstra, S. / Highly efficient and stable semi‐transparent p‐i‐n planar perovskite solar cells by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic Layer Deposited ZnO. In: Solar RRL. 2018 ; Vol. 2, Nr. 10.
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title = "Highly efficient and stable semi‐transparent p‐i‐n planar perovskite solar cells by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic Layer Deposited ZnO",
abstract = "The replacement of the conventional top metal contact with a semi‐transparent conducting electrode such as sputtered indium‐tin oxide (ITO) is strictly required to adopt the perovskite solar cell (PSC) in hybrid tandem photovoltaic applications. In order to prevent sputtering damages on the perovskite absorber and the organic materials adopted in p‐i‐n planar architecture, an atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer deposited (s‐ALD) ZnO buffer layer has been included. The use of a 45 nm thick s‐ALD layer enables the fabrication of a PSC with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 14.7{\%}, with a similar PCE when illuminated from the ITO/s‐ALD ZnO side. When adopted in a four terminal configuration with a c‐Si solar cell (PCE of 18.6{\%}), a 2.5{\%} absolute PCE gain is observed with respect to the stand alone c‐Si. Finally, the semi‐transparent PSC shows an excellent shelf life, and only −4{\%} degradation on the tracked maximum power point when encapsulated and aged at 65 °C in an inert atmosphere after 1500 h.",
author = "Mehrdad Najafi and V. Zardetto and D. Zhang and D. Koushik and Dorenkamper, {Maarten S.} and M. Creatore and Ronn Andriessen and Paul Poodt and S. Veenstra",
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Highly efficient and stable semi‐transparent p‐i‐n planar perovskite solar cells by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic Layer Deposited ZnO. / Najafi, Mehrdad; Zardetto, V.; Zhang, D.; Koushik, D.; Dorenkamper, Maarten S.; Creatore, M.; Andriessen, Ronn; Poodt, Paul; Veenstra, S.

In: Solar RRL, Vol. 2, Nr. 10, 1800147, 01.10.2018.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Highly efficient and stable semi‐transparent p‐i‐n planar perovskite solar cells by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic Layer Deposited ZnO

AU - Najafi, Mehrdad

AU - Zardetto, V.

AU - Zhang, D.

AU - Koushik, D.

AU - Dorenkamper, Maarten S.

AU - Creatore, M.

AU - Andriessen, Ronn

AU - Poodt, Paul

AU - Veenstra, S.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - The replacement of the conventional top metal contact with a semi‐transparent conducting electrode such as sputtered indium‐tin oxide (ITO) is strictly required to adopt the perovskite solar cell (PSC) in hybrid tandem photovoltaic applications. In order to prevent sputtering damages on the perovskite absorber and the organic materials adopted in p‐i‐n planar architecture, an atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer deposited (s‐ALD) ZnO buffer layer has been included. The use of a 45 nm thick s‐ALD layer enables the fabrication of a PSC with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 14.7%, with a similar PCE when illuminated from the ITO/s‐ALD ZnO side. When adopted in a four terminal configuration with a c‐Si solar cell (PCE of 18.6%), a 2.5% absolute PCE gain is observed with respect to the stand alone c‐Si. Finally, the semi‐transparent PSC shows an excellent shelf life, and only −4% degradation on the tracked maximum power point when encapsulated and aged at 65 °C in an inert atmosphere after 1500 h.

AB - The replacement of the conventional top metal contact with a semi‐transparent conducting electrode such as sputtered indium‐tin oxide (ITO) is strictly required to adopt the perovskite solar cell (PSC) in hybrid tandem photovoltaic applications. In order to prevent sputtering damages on the perovskite absorber and the organic materials adopted in p‐i‐n planar architecture, an atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer deposited (s‐ALD) ZnO buffer layer has been included. The use of a 45 nm thick s‐ALD layer enables the fabrication of a PSC with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 14.7%, with a similar PCE when illuminated from the ITO/s‐ALD ZnO side. When adopted in a four terminal configuration with a c‐Si solar cell (PCE of 18.6%), a 2.5% absolute PCE gain is observed with respect to the stand alone c‐Si. Finally, the semi‐transparent PSC shows an excellent shelf life, and only −4% degradation on the tracked maximum power point when encapsulated and aged at 65 °C in an inert atmosphere after 1500 h.

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