TY - JOUR

T1 - Freeform lens design for a point source and far-field target

AU - Romijn, Lotte

AU - ten Thije Boonkkamp, Jan

AU - IJzerman, Wilbert

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - The field of freeform illumination design has surged since the introduction of new fabrication techniques that allow for the production of non-axially symmetric surfaces. Freeform surfaces aim to efficiently control the redistribution of light from a particular source distribution to a target irradiance, but designing such surfaces is a challenging problem in the field of nonimaging optics. Optical design strategies have been developed in both academia and industry. In this paper, we consider the design of a single freeform lens that converts the light from an ideal (zero-étendue) point source into a far-field target. We present a mathematical approach and numerically solve the corresponding generalized Monge–Ampère equation of the optical system. We derive this equation using optimal transport theory and energy conservation. We use a generalized least-squares algorithm that can handle a non-quadratic cost function in the corresponding optimal transport problem. The algorithm first computes the optical map and subsequently constructs the optical surface. We demonstrate that the algorithm can generate a peanut-shaped lens for roadlighting purposes and a highly detailed lens that produces an image on a projection screen in the far field.

AB - The field of freeform illumination design has surged since the introduction of new fabrication techniques that allow for the production of non-axially symmetric surfaces. Freeform surfaces aim to efficiently control the redistribution of light from a particular source distribution to a target irradiance, but designing such surfaces is a challenging problem in the field of nonimaging optics. Optical design strategies have been developed in both academia and industry. In this paper, we consider the design of a single freeform lens that converts the light from an ideal (zero-étendue) point source into a far-field target. We present a mathematical approach and numerically solve the corresponding generalized Monge–Ampère equation of the optical system. We derive this equation using optimal transport theory and energy conservation. We use a generalized least-squares algorithm that can handle a non-quadratic cost function in the corresponding optimal transport problem. The algorithm first computes the optical map and subsequently constructs the optical surface. We demonstrate that the algorithm can generate a peanut-shaped lens for roadlighting purposes and a highly detailed lens that produces an image on a projection screen in the far field.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074800259&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1364/JOSAA.36.001926

DO - 10.1364/JOSAA.36.001926

M3 - Article

C2 - 31873712

VL - 36

SP - 1926

EP - 1939

JO - Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Optics, Image Science and Vision

JF - Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Optics, Image Science and Vision

SN - 1084-7529

IS - 11

ER -