Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder is a prodromal stage of Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Hyposmia, reduced dopamine transporter binding, and expression of the brain metabolic PD‐related pattern were each associated with increased risk of conversion to PD. The objective of this study was to study the relationship between the PD‐related pattern, dopamine transporter binding, and olfaction in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder.
In this cross‐sectional study, 21 idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder subjects underwent 18F‐fluorodeoxyglucose PET, dopamine transporter imaging, and olfactory testing. For reference, we included 18F‐fluorodeoxyglucose PET data of 19 controls, 20 PD patients, and 22 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies. PD‐related pattern expression z‐scores were computed from all PET scans.
PD‐related pattern expression was higher in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder subjects compared with controls (P = 0.048), but lower compared with PD (P = 0.001) and dementia with Lewy bodies (P < 0.0001). PD‐related pattern expression was higher in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder subjects with hyposmia and in subjects with an abnormal dopamine transporter scan (P < 0.05, uncorrected).
PD‐related pattern expression, dopamine transporter binding, and olfaction may provide complementary information for predicting phenoconversion. © 2017 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.