Fast pulsed power generation with a solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator: concept, design, and first implementation

Tom Huiskamp (Corresponding author), J.J. van Oorschot

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Uittreksel

In this article, we present the concept, design, and first implementation of a new solid-state pulse topology: the solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator (IMG). This new topology can bring fast, adjustable pulse generation to a wide range of pulsed power applications. Where the original IMG is a high-power device (using spark gaps) for relatively low-repetition-rate, high-energy-density physics, we require a pulse source with a (sub)nanosecond rise time at moderate voltages of tens of kilovolts at high repetition rates for transient plasma generation. To achieve this, we adapted the IMG pulse source concept to a solid-state concept with additional transmission lines and metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) switches. In this article, we present the general concept, a 20-stage design (with 3-D transient electromagnetic simulations), and a first 5-stage, 5-kV prototype. The prototype achieves 5-6-ns rise time pulses at voltages up to 2.5 kV into a matched 50- \Omega load (due to an oscillation in the drive circuit, the pulse was somewhat distorted at higher voltages) and can generate flexible pulse waveforms. Finally, improvements are suggested to achieve the desired pulse specifications.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer8812678
Pagina's (van-tot)4350-4360
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume47
Nummer van het tijdschrift9
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 sep 2019

Vingerafdruk

generators
impedance
solid state
pulses
repetition
topology
prototypes
spark gaps
plasma generators
pulse generators
electric potential
metal oxide semiconductors
transmission lines
specifications
high voltages
waveforms
field effect transistors
switches
flux density
electromagnetism

Citeer dit

@article{7fb373becb3145fe905a0d1f1992b954,
title = "Fast pulsed power generation with a solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator: concept, design, and first implementation",
abstract = "In this article, we present the concept, design, and first implementation of a new solid-state pulse topology: the solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator (IMG). This new topology can bring fast, adjustable pulse generation to a wide range of pulsed power applications. Where the original IMG is a high-power device (using spark gaps) for relatively low-repetition-rate, high-energy-density physics, we require a pulse source with a (sub)nanosecond rise time at moderate voltages of tens of kilovolts at high repetition rates for transient plasma generation. To achieve this, we adapted the IMG pulse source concept to a solid-state concept with additional transmission lines and metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) switches. In this article, we present the general concept, a 20-stage design (with 3-D transient electromagnetic simulations), and a first 5-stage, 5-kV prototype. The prototype achieves 5-6-ns rise time pulses at voltages up to 2.5 kV into a matched 50- \Omega load (due to an oscillation in the drive circuit, the pulse was somewhat distorted at higher voltages) and can generate flexible pulse waveforms. Finally, improvements are suggested to achieve the desired pulse specifications.",
keywords = "High-voltage, Impedance-matched Marx generator (IMG), Nanosecond pulses, Pulsed power supply, Solid-state pulse sources",
author = "Tom Huiskamp and {van Oorschot}, J.J.",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/TPS.2019.2934642",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "4350--4360",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science",
issn = "0093-3813",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "9",

}

Fast pulsed power generation with a solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator : concept, design, and first implementation. / Huiskamp, Tom (Corresponding author); van Oorschot, J.J.

In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 47, Nr. 9, 8812678, 01.09.2019, blz. 4350-4360.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fast pulsed power generation with a solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator

T2 - concept, design, and first implementation

AU - Huiskamp, Tom

AU - van Oorschot, J.J.

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - In this article, we present the concept, design, and first implementation of a new solid-state pulse topology: the solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator (IMG). This new topology can bring fast, adjustable pulse generation to a wide range of pulsed power applications. Where the original IMG is a high-power device (using spark gaps) for relatively low-repetition-rate, high-energy-density physics, we require a pulse source with a (sub)nanosecond rise time at moderate voltages of tens of kilovolts at high repetition rates for transient plasma generation. To achieve this, we adapted the IMG pulse source concept to a solid-state concept with additional transmission lines and metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) switches. In this article, we present the general concept, a 20-stage design (with 3-D transient electromagnetic simulations), and a first 5-stage, 5-kV prototype. The prototype achieves 5-6-ns rise time pulses at voltages up to 2.5 kV into a matched 50- \Omega load (due to an oscillation in the drive circuit, the pulse was somewhat distorted at higher voltages) and can generate flexible pulse waveforms. Finally, improvements are suggested to achieve the desired pulse specifications.

AB - In this article, we present the concept, design, and first implementation of a new solid-state pulse topology: the solid-state impedance-matched Marx generator (IMG). This new topology can bring fast, adjustable pulse generation to a wide range of pulsed power applications. Where the original IMG is a high-power device (using spark gaps) for relatively low-repetition-rate, high-energy-density physics, we require a pulse source with a (sub)nanosecond rise time at moderate voltages of tens of kilovolts at high repetition rates for transient plasma generation. To achieve this, we adapted the IMG pulse source concept to a solid-state concept with additional transmission lines and metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) switches. In this article, we present the general concept, a 20-stage design (with 3-D transient electromagnetic simulations), and a first 5-stage, 5-kV prototype. The prototype achieves 5-6-ns rise time pulses at voltages up to 2.5 kV into a matched 50- \Omega load (due to an oscillation in the drive circuit, the pulse was somewhat distorted at higher voltages) and can generate flexible pulse waveforms. Finally, improvements are suggested to achieve the desired pulse specifications.

KW - High-voltage

KW - Impedance-matched Marx generator (IMG)

KW - Nanosecond pulses

KW - Pulsed power supply

KW - Solid-state pulse sources

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072124193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TPS.2019.2934642

DO - 10.1109/TPS.2019.2934642

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85072124193

VL - 47

SP - 4350

EP - 4360

JO - IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

JF - IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

SN - 0093-3813

IS - 9

M1 - 8812678

ER -