Exploring curved schematization of territorial outlines

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Samenvatting

Hand-drawn schematized maps traditionally make extensive use of curves. However, there are few automated approaches for curved schematization; most previous work focuses on straight lines. We present a new algorithm for areapreserving curved schematization of territorial outlines. Our algorithm converts a simple polygon into a schematic crossing-free representation using circular arcs.We use two basic operations to iteratively replace consecutive arcs until the desired complexity is reached. Our results are not restricted to arcs ending at input vertices. The method can be steered towards different degrees of "curviness": we can encourage or discourage the use of arcs with a large central angle via a single parameter. Our method creates visually pleasing results even for very low output complexities. To evaluate the effectiveness of our design choices, we present a geometric evaluation of the resulting schematizations. Besides the geometric qualities of our algorithm, we also investigate the potential of curved schematization as a concept. We conducted an online user study investigating the effectiveness of curved schematizations compared to straight-line schematizations. While the visual complexity of curved shapes was judged higher than that of straight-line shapes, users generally preferred curved schematizations. We observed that curves significantly improved the ability of users to match schematized shapes of moderate complexity to their unschematized equivalents. Keywords: Schematization; algorithm; circular arcs; user study
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)889-902
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Volume21
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2015

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