Experimental and modelling study of an electrochemical hydrogen compressor

Maria Nordio, Filippo Rizzi, Giampaolo Manzolini, Martijn Mulder, Leonard Raymakers, Martin van Sint Annaland, Fausto Gallucci (Corresponding author)

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

3 Citaties (Scopus)

Uittreksel

The energy world is changing rapidly pushed also by the need for new green energy sources to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The fast development of renewable energies has created many problems associated with grid management and stability, which could be solved with storage systems. The hydrogen economy could be an answer to the need of storage systems and clean fuel for transportation. The Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor (EHC) is an electrochemical device, which could find a place in this scenario giving a solution for the hydrogen purification and compression for storage. This work analyzes, through experimental and modeling studies, the performance of the EHC in terms of polarization curve, Hydrogen Recovery Factor (HRF) and outlet hydrogen purity. The influence of many input parameters, such as the total inlet flow rate, the hydrogen inlet concentration, the contaminant in the feed, and the cathode pressure have been investigated. Furthermore, the EHC performance have been modelled in a 1D + 1D model implemented in Matlab® solving the Butler-Volmer system of equations numerically. The experimental campaign has shown that high purities can be obtained for the hydrogen separation from N 2 and CH 4 and purities over 98% feeding He. An increase in the cathode pressure has shown a slight improvement in the obtained purity. A comparison between PSA unit and EHC for a mixture 75% H 2 – 25% CH 4 at different outlet hydrogen pressure and purity was performed to analyze the energy consumption required. Results show PSA unit is convenient at large scale and high H 2 concentration, while for low concentration is extremely energy intense. The EHC proved to be worthwhile at small scale and higher outlet hydrogen pressure.

TaalEngels
Pagina's432-442
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftChemical Engineering Journal
Volume369
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 aug 2019

Vingerafdruk

Compressors
Hydrogen
hydrogen
modeling
compressor
Cathodes
energy
Inlet flow
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Purification
purification
Compaction
greenhouse gas
Energy utilization
polarization
compression
Flow rate
Impurities
Polarization

Trefwoorden

    Citeer dit

    Nordio, Maria ; Rizzi, Filippo ; Manzolini, Giampaolo ; Mulder, Martijn ; Raymakers, Leonard ; van Sint Annaland, Martin ; Gallucci, Fausto. / Experimental and modelling study of an electrochemical hydrogen compressor. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 369. blz. 432-442
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    title = "Experimental and modelling study of an electrochemical hydrogen compressor",
    abstract = "The energy world is changing rapidly pushed also by the need for new green energy sources to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The fast development of renewable energies has created many problems associated with grid management and stability, which could be solved with storage systems. The hydrogen economy could be an answer to the need of storage systems and clean fuel for transportation. The Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor (EHC) is an electrochemical device, which could find a place in this scenario giving a solution for the hydrogen purification and compression for storage. This work analyzes, through experimental and modeling studies, the performance of the EHC in terms of polarization curve, Hydrogen Recovery Factor (HRF) and outlet hydrogen purity. The influence of many input parameters, such as the total inlet flow rate, the hydrogen inlet concentration, the contaminant in the feed, and the cathode pressure have been investigated. Furthermore, the EHC performance have been modelled in a 1D + 1D model implemented in Matlab{\circledR} solving the Butler-Volmer system of equations numerically. The experimental campaign has shown that high purities can be obtained for the hydrogen separation from N 2 and CH 4 and purities over 98{\%} feeding He. An increase in the cathode pressure has shown a slight improvement in the obtained purity. A comparison between PSA unit and EHC for a mixture 75{\%} H 2 – 25{\%} CH 4 at different outlet hydrogen pressure and purity was performed to analyze the energy consumption required. Results show PSA unit is convenient at large scale and high H 2 concentration, while for low concentration is extremely energy intense. The EHC proved to be worthwhile at small scale and higher outlet hydrogen pressure.",
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    author = "Maria Nordio and Filippo Rizzi and Giampaolo Manzolini and Martijn Mulder and Leonard Raymakers and {van Sint Annaland}, Martin and Fausto Gallucci",
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    Experimental and modelling study of an electrochemical hydrogen compressor. / Nordio, Maria; Rizzi, Filippo; Manzolini, Giampaolo; Mulder, Martijn; Raymakers, Leonard; van Sint Annaland, Martin; Gallucci, Fausto (Corresponding author).

    In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 369, 01.08.2019, blz. 432-442.

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

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    AU - Manzolini,Giampaolo

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    AU - van Sint Annaland,Martin

    AU - Gallucci,Fausto

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    AB - The energy world is changing rapidly pushed also by the need for new green energy sources to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The fast development of renewable energies has created many problems associated with grid management and stability, which could be solved with storage systems. The hydrogen economy could be an answer to the need of storage systems and clean fuel for transportation. The Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor (EHC) is an electrochemical device, which could find a place in this scenario giving a solution for the hydrogen purification and compression for storage. This work analyzes, through experimental and modeling studies, the performance of the EHC in terms of polarization curve, Hydrogen Recovery Factor (HRF) and outlet hydrogen purity. The influence of many input parameters, such as the total inlet flow rate, the hydrogen inlet concentration, the contaminant in the feed, and the cathode pressure have been investigated. Furthermore, the EHC performance have been modelled in a 1D + 1D model implemented in Matlab® solving the Butler-Volmer system of equations numerically. The experimental campaign has shown that high purities can be obtained for the hydrogen separation from N 2 and CH 4 and purities over 98% feeding He. An increase in the cathode pressure has shown a slight improvement in the obtained purity. A comparison between PSA unit and EHC for a mixture 75% H 2 – 25% CH 4 at different outlet hydrogen pressure and purity was performed to analyze the energy consumption required. Results show PSA unit is convenient at large scale and high H 2 concentration, while for low concentration is extremely energy intense. The EHC proved to be worthwhile at small scale and higher outlet hydrogen pressure.

    KW - Anode

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    KW - Energy consumption

    KW - Hydrogen recovery factor

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    Nordio M, Rizzi F, Manzolini G, Mulder M, Raymakers L, van Sint Annaland M et al. Experimental and modelling study of an electrochemical hydrogen compressor. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2019 aug 1;369:432-442. Beschikbaar vanaf, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2019.03.106