Error estimation in reduced basis method for systems with time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions

Mohammad Abbasi (Corresponding author), Laura Iapichino, B. Besselink, Wil Schilders, Nathan van de Wouw

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Many physical phenomena, such as mass transport and heat transfer, are modeled by systems of partial differential equations with time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. Control inputs and disturbances typically affect the system dynamics at the boundaries and a correct numerical implementation of boundary conditions is therefore crucial. However, numerical simulations of high-order discretized partial differential equations are often too computationally expensive for real-time and many-query analysis. For this reason, model complexity reduction is essential. In this paper, it is shown that the classical reduced basis method is unable to incorporate time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. To address this issue, it is shown that, by using a modified surrogate formulation of the reduced basis ansatz combined with a feedback interconnection and a input-related term, the effects of the boundary conditions are accurately described in the reduced-order model. The results are compared with the classical reduced basis method. Unlike the classical method, the modified ansatz incorporates boundary conditions without generating unphysical results at the boundaries. Moreover, a new approximation of the bound and a new estimate for the error induced by model reduction are introduced. The effectiveness of the error measures is studied through simulation case studies and a comparison with existing error bounds and estimates is provided. The proposed approximate error bound gives a finite bound of the actual error, unlike existing error bounds that grow exponentially over time. Finally, the proposed error estimate is more accurate than existing error estimates.
Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer112688
Aantal pagina's27
TijdschriftComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Volume360
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 mrt 2020

Vingerafdruk

Error analysis
Boundary conditions
boundary conditions
estimates
partial differential equations
Partial differential equations
Dynamical systems
disturbances
Mass transfer
simulation
heat transfer
Heat transfer
Feedback
formulations
Computer simulation
approximation

Citeer dit

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title = "Error estimation in reduced basis method for systems with time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions",
abstract = "Many physical phenomena, such as mass transport and heat transfer, are modeled by systems of partial differential equations with time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. Control inputs and disturbances typically affect the system dynamics at the boundaries and a correct numerical implementation of boundary conditions is therefore crucial. However, numerical simulations of high-order discretized partial differential equations are often too computationally expensive for real-time and many-query analysis. For this reason, model complexity reduction is essential. In this paper, it is shown that the classical reduced basis method is unable to incorporate time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. To address this issue, it is shown that, by using a modified surrogate formulation of the reduced basis ansatz combined with a feedback interconnection and a input-related term, the effects of the boundary conditions are accurately described in the reduced-order model. The results are compared with the classical reduced basis method. Unlike the classical method, the modified ansatz incorporates boundary conditions without generating unphysical results at the boundaries. Moreover, a new approximation of the bound and a new estimate for the error induced by model reduction are introduced. The effectiveness of the error measures is studied through simulation case studies and a comparison with existing error bounds and estimates is provided. The proposed approximate error bound gives a finite bound of the actual error, unlike existing error bounds that grow exponentially over time. Finally, the proposed error estimate is more accurate than existing error estimates.",
keywords = "Control nonlinearities, Error analysis, Heat transfer, Nonlinear equations, Partial differential equations, Error estimate, Local nonlinearities, Hyperbolic equations, Boundary conditions, Model order reduction, Single-phase flow",
author = "Mohammad Abbasi and Laura Iapichino and B. Besselink and Wil Schilders and {van de Wouw}, Nathan",
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AU - Abbasi, Mohammad

AU - Iapichino, Laura

AU - Besselink, B.

AU - Schilders, Wil

AU - van de Wouw, Nathan

PY - 2020/3/1

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N2 - Many physical phenomena, such as mass transport and heat transfer, are modeled by systems of partial differential equations with time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. Control inputs and disturbances typically affect the system dynamics at the boundaries and a correct numerical implementation of boundary conditions is therefore crucial. However, numerical simulations of high-order discretized partial differential equations are often too computationally expensive for real-time and many-query analysis. For this reason, model complexity reduction is essential. In this paper, it is shown that the classical reduced basis method is unable to incorporate time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. To address this issue, it is shown that, by using a modified surrogate formulation of the reduced basis ansatz combined with a feedback interconnection and a input-related term, the effects of the boundary conditions are accurately described in the reduced-order model. The results are compared with the classical reduced basis method. Unlike the classical method, the modified ansatz incorporates boundary conditions without generating unphysical results at the boundaries. Moreover, a new approximation of the bound and a new estimate for the error induced by model reduction are introduced. The effectiveness of the error measures is studied through simulation case studies and a comparison with existing error bounds and estimates is provided. The proposed approximate error bound gives a finite bound of the actual error, unlike existing error bounds that grow exponentially over time. Finally, the proposed error estimate is more accurate than existing error estimates.

AB - Many physical phenomena, such as mass transport and heat transfer, are modeled by systems of partial differential equations with time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. Control inputs and disturbances typically affect the system dynamics at the boundaries and a correct numerical implementation of boundary conditions is therefore crucial. However, numerical simulations of high-order discretized partial differential equations are often too computationally expensive for real-time and many-query analysis. For this reason, model complexity reduction is essential. In this paper, it is shown that the classical reduced basis method is unable to incorporate time-varying and nonlinear boundary conditions. To address this issue, it is shown that, by using a modified surrogate formulation of the reduced basis ansatz combined with a feedback interconnection and a input-related term, the effects of the boundary conditions are accurately described in the reduced-order model. The results are compared with the classical reduced basis method. Unlike the classical method, the modified ansatz incorporates boundary conditions without generating unphysical results at the boundaries. Moreover, a new approximation of the bound and a new estimate for the error induced by model reduction are introduced. The effectiveness of the error measures is studied through simulation case studies and a comparison with existing error bounds and estimates is provided. The proposed approximate error bound gives a finite bound of the actual error, unlike existing error bounds that grow exponentially over time. Finally, the proposed error estimate is more accurate than existing error estimates.

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KW - Error estimate

KW - Local nonlinearities

KW - Hyperbolic equations

KW - Boundary conditions

KW - Model order reduction

KW - Single-phase flow

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