The effect of Al incorporation and pH adjustment during hydrolysis of the silica precursor on the thermal and structural stability of ordered microporous silica films with a 2D structure is presented. The structural stability of the films was determined from a combination of LA XRD/TEM data with porosity data obtained from ethanol adsorption isotherms. Thermogravimetric analysis and FTIR data were used to determine the template removal and the thermal stability. Stability of aluminium incorporated silica films has further been examined in several organic solvents with different polarity. A solvent with a higher polarity interacts more strongly with the films; the long-order structure disappeared after exposure to polar solvents. After exposure to non-polar solvents, the pore size uniformity was retained after 48 h. The samples with an Al/Si ratio of 0.007 showed the smallest d-spacing shift after exposure to hexane. The stability was further tested in the hydrogenation of phenylacetylene performed in a batch reactor over 1 wt.% Pd/Si(Al)O2/Si (Al/Si = 0.007) films at 30 °C and 10 bar H2 with hexane as solvent. No deactivation was observed in two subsequent hydrogenation runs. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Tijdschrift||Microporous and Mesoporous Materials|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||1-3|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 2009|