Electron density and temperature measurements in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma

R. Leyte Gonzalez, J.M. Palomares Linares, D.C. Schram, R.A.H. Engeln

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We report measurements of electron densities, n e , and temperatures, T e , in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma performed using Thomson scattering. The effects of applying an axial magnetic field and changing the background pressure in the plasma vessel on n e and T e along the expansion axis are reported. Magnetic field strengths (B field) up to 170 mT were applied, which are one order of magnitude larger than previously reported. The main effect of the applied B field is the plasma confinement, which leads to higher n e . At B fields larger than 88 mT the electron density along the expansion axis does not depend strongly on the magnetic field strength. However, T e is susceptible to the B field and reaches at 170 mT a maximum of 2.5 eV at a distance of 1.5 cm from the exit of the cascaded arc. To determine also the effect of the arc current through the arc, measurements were performed with arc currents of 45, 60, and 75 A at background pressures of 9.7 and 88.3 Pa. At constant magnetic field n e decreases from the exit of the arc along the expansion axis when the arc current is decreased. At 88.3 Pa n e shows a higher value close to the exit of the arc, but a faster decay along the expansion axis with respect to the 9.7 Pa case. T e is overall higher at lower pressure reaching a maximum of 3.2 eV at the lower arc current of 45 A. The results of this study complement our understanding and the characterization of expanding hydrogen plasmas.
Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer023201
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftPhysical Review E
Volume94
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 aug 2016

Vingerafdruk

Temperature Measurement
hydrogen plasma
Hydrogen
temperature measurement
Arc of a curve
Plasma
arcs
Electron
electron energy
Magnetic Field
expansion
magnetic fields
field strength
plasma control
Thomson scattering
Main Effect
complement
Vessel
vessels
Complement

Citeer dit

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title = "Electron density and temperature measurements in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma",
abstract = "We report measurements of electron densities, n e , and temperatures, T e , in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma performed using Thomson scattering. The effects of applying an axial magnetic field and changing the background pressure in the plasma vessel on n e and T e along the expansion axis are reported. Magnetic field strengths (B field) up to 170 mT were applied, which are one order of magnitude larger than previously reported. The main effect of the applied B field is the plasma confinement, which leads to higher n e . At B fields larger than 88 mT the electron density along the expansion axis does not depend strongly on the magnetic field strength. However, T e is susceptible to the B field and reaches at 170 mT a maximum of 2.5 eV at a distance of 1.5 cm from the exit of the cascaded arc. To determine also the effect of the arc current through the arc, measurements were performed with arc currents of 45, 60, and 75 A at background pressures of 9.7 and 88.3 Pa. At constant magnetic field n e decreases from the exit of the arc along the expansion axis when the arc current is decreased. At 88.3 Pa n e shows a higher value close to the exit of the arc, but a faster decay along the expansion axis with respect to the 9.7 Pa case. T e is overall higher at lower pressure reaching a maximum of 3.2 eV at the lower arc current of 45 A. The results of this study complement our understanding and the characterization of expanding hydrogen plasmas.",
author = "{Leyte Gonzalez}, R. and {Palomares Linares}, J.M. and D.C. Schram and R.A.H. Engeln",
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Electron density and temperature measurements in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma. / Leyte Gonzalez, R.; Palomares Linares, J.M.; Schram, D.C.; Engeln, R.A.H.

In: Physical Review E, Vol. 94, Nr. 2, 023201, 01.08.2016.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electron density and temperature measurements in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma

AU - Leyte Gonzalez, R.

AU - Palomares Linares, J.M.

AU - Schram, D.C.

AU - Engeln, R.A.H.

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - We report measurements of electron densities, n e , and temperatures, T e , in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma performed using Thomson scattering. The effects of applying an axial magnetic field and changing the background pressure in the plasma vessel on n e and T e along the expansion axis are reported. Magnetic field strengths (B field) up to 170 mT were applied, which are one order of magnitude larger than previously reported. The main effect of the applied B field is the plasma confinement, which leads to higher n e . At B fields larger than 88 mT the electron density along the expansion axis does not depend strongly on the magnetic field strength. However, T e is susceptible to the B field and reaches at 170 mT a maximum of 2.5 eV at a distance of 1.5 cm from the exit of the cascaded arc. To determine also the effect of the arc current through the arc, measurements were performed with arc currents of 45, 60, and 75 A at background pressures of 9.7 and 88.3 Pa. At constant magnetic field n e decreases from the exit of the arc along the expansion axis when the arc current is decreased. At 88.3 Pa n e shows a higher value close to the exit of the arc, but a faster decay along the expansion axis with respect to the 9.7 Pa case. T e is overall higher at lower pressure reaching a maximum of 3.2 eV at the lower arc current of 45 A. The results of this study complement our understanding and the characterization of expanding hydrogen plasmas.

AB - We report measurements of electron densities, n e , and temperatures, T e , in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma performed using Thomson scattering. The effects of applying an axial magnetic field and changing the background pressure in the plasma vessel on n e and T e along the expansion axis are reported. Magnetic field strengths (B field) up to 170 mT were applied, which are one order of magnitude larger than previously reported. The main effect of the applied B field is the plasma confinement, which leads to higher n e . At B fields larger than 88 mT the electron density along the expansion axis does not depend strongly on the magnetic field strength. However, T e is susceptible to the B field and reaches at 170 mT a maximum of 2.5 eV at a distance of 1.5 cm from the exit of the cascaded arc. To determine also the effect of the arc current through the arc, measurements were performed with arc currents of 45, 60, and 75 A at background pressures of 9.7 and 88.3 Pa. At constant magnetic field n e decreases from the exit of the arc along the expansion axis when the arc current is decreased. At 88.3 Pa n e shows a higher value close to the exit of the arc, but a faster decay along the expansion axis with respect to the 9.7 Pa case. T e is overall higher at lower pressure reaching a maximum of 3.2 eV at the lower arc current of 45 A. The results of this study complement our understanding and the characterization of expanding hydrogen plasmas.

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DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.94.023201

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