Effective Oxidation of (5-Hydroxymethyl)furfural to 2,5-Diformylfuran by an Acetal Protection Strategy

T. Boonyakarn, Jan J. Wiesfeld, M. Asakawa, Lulu Chen, A. (Atsushi) Fukuoka, Emiel J.M. Hensen, Kiyotaka Nakajima (Corresponding author)

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)


An acetal protection strategy for (5-hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) was used to obtain 2,5-diformyfuran (DFF) using concentrated HMF solutions and a γ-Al 2 O 3 -supported Ru catalyst (Ru/γ-Al 2 O 3 ). The HMF-acetal with 1,3-propanediol can be oxidized to DFF-acetal with a yield of 84.0% at an HMF conversion of 94.2% from a 50 wt% solution. In contrast, aerobic oxidation of nonprotected HMF using a 10 wt% solution afforded DFF only in a moderate yield (52.3%). Kinetic studies indicate that the six-membered ring acetal group not only prevents side reactions but also accelerates aerobic oxidation of the -CH 2 OH moiety to -CHO under retention of the acetal functionality. Organic deposits formed during the reaction explained the significant decrease in the activity of the Ru/γ-Al 2 O 3 catalyst, which could be recovered neither by washing in water or organic solvents, nor by a calcination-reduction treatment. Sonication of the used Ru/γ-Al 2 O 3 catalyst in an aqueous NaOH solution successfully removed the deposits and allowed reuse of the catalyst for at least four times without activity loss.
Originele taal-2Engels
Aantal pagina's7
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
Vroegere onlinedatum11 feb. 2022
StatusGepubliceerd - 7 apr. 2022


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