Effect of Light-Induced Halide Segregation on the Performance of Mixed-Halide Perovskite Solar Cells

Kunal Datta, Bas T. van Gorkom, Zehua Chen, Matthew J. Dyson, Tom P.A. van der Pol, Stefan C.J. Meskers, Shuxia Tao, Peter A. Bobbert, Martijn M. Wienk, René A.J. Janssen (Corresponding author)

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Light-induced halide segregation hampers obtaining stable wide-band-gap solar cells based on mixed iodide-bromide perovskites. So far, the effect of prolonged illumination on the performance of mixed-halide perovskite solar cells has not been studied in detail. It is often assumed that halide segregation leads to a loss of open-circuit voltage. By simultaneously recording changes in photoluminescence and solar cell performance under prolonged illumination, we demonstrate that cells instead deteriorate by a loss of short-circuit current density and that the open-circuit voltage is less affected. The concurrent red shift, increased lifetime, and higher quantum yield of photoluminescence point to the formation of relatively emissive iodide-rich domains under illumination. Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations provide an atomistic insight into their formation via exchange of bromide and iodide, mediated by halide vacancies. Localization of photogenerated charge carriers in low-energy iodide-rich domains and subsequent recombination cause reduced photocurrent and red-shifted photoluminescence. The loss in photovoltaic performance is diminished by partially replacing organic cations by cesium ions. Ultrasensitive photocurrent spectroscopy shows that cesium ions result in a lower density of sub-band-gap defects and suppress defect growth under illumination. These defects are expected to play a role in the development and recovery of light-induced compositional changes.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)6650–6658
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftACS Applied Energy Materials
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
StatusGepubliceerd - 26 jul. 2021

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.


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