Ecological momentary assessment of food perceptions and eating behavior using a novel phone application in adults with or without obesity

Kholoud Alabduljader, Marion Cliffe, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, W. Miles Cox, Hans Peter Kubis

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

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We developed a smart phone application to measure participants’ food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25% body fat for males and ≥32% for females). L-group participants reported 6.34 (2.00) food wanting events per day, whereas H-group participants recorded significantly fewer food wanting events (5.07 (1.42)); both groups resisted about the same percentage of wanting events (L-group: 29.2 (15.5)%; H-group 27.3 (12.8)%). Perceived intensity ratings were significantly different within the L-group in the order liking (7.65 (0.81)) > un-resisted wanting (leading to eating) (7.00 (1.01)) > resisted wanting (not leading to eating) (6.02 (1.72)) but not in the H-group. Liking scores (L-group: 7.65 (0.81); H-group: 7.14 (1.04)) were significantly higher in L-group than in H-group after controlling for age. Our results show that individuals with higher percentage of body fat show less food enjoyment after intake and reveal no differentiation in intensity ratings of perceived anticipatory and consummatory food reward. These results are consistent with a hypothesized reward deficiency among individuals with higher percentage of body fat.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)35-41
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftEating Behaviors
Volume30
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 aug 2018

Vingerafdruk

Feeding Behavior
Obesity
Food
Adipose Tissue
Reward
Eating
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Body Composition

Citeer dit

Alabduljader, Kholoud ; Cliffe, Marion ; Sartor, Francesco ; Papini, Gabriele ; Cox, W. Miles ; Kubis, Hans Peter. / Ecological momentary assessment of food perceptions and eating behavior using a novel phone application in adults with or without obesity. In: Eating Behaviors. 2018 ; Vol. 30. blz. 35-41.
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abstract = "We developed a smart phone application to measure participants’ food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25{\%} body fat for males and ≥32{\%} for females). L-group participants reported 6.34 (2.00) food wanting events per day, whereas H-group participants recorded significantly fewer food wanting events (5.07 (1.42)); both groups resisted about the same percentage of wanting events (L-group: 29.2 (15.5){\%}; H-group 27.3 (12.8){\%}). Perceived intensity ratings were significantly different within the L-group in the order liking (7.65 (0.81)) > un-resisted wanting (leading to eating) (7.00 (1.01)) > resisted wanting (not leading to eating) (6.02 (1.72)) but not in the H-group. Liking scores (L-group: 7.65 (0.81); H-group: 7.14 (1.04)) were significantly higher in L-group than in H-group after controlling for age. Our results show that individuals with higher percentage of body fat show less food enjoyment after intake and reveal no differentiation in intensity ratings of perceived anticipatory and consummatory food reward. These results are consistent with a hypothesized reward deficiency among individuals with higher percentage of body fat.",
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Ecological momentary assessment of food perceptions and eating behavior using a novel phone application in adults with or without obesity. / Alabduljader, Kholoud; Cliffe, Marion; Sartor, Francesco; Papini, Gabriele; Cox, W. Miles; Kubis, Hans Peter.

In: Eating Behaviors, Vol. 30, 01.08.2018, blz. 35-41.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftTijdschriftartikelAcademicpeer review

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