Development of SnS/In2S3 core-shell nanoparticles for solar cell application

C. Prastani, M. Nanu, D.E. Nanu, R.E.I. Schropp, J.K. Rath

Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureConferentiebijdrageAcademicpeer review


SnS nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by a colloidal route at low temperatures and analyzed by several characterization techniques. Whereas transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging conclusively proved quantum dot sized particles (∼4 nm) with a narrow size distribution, Torsional Resonance-Tunneling AFM and Peak Force AFM proved the conductive nature of the particles. The chemical composition, studied by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) showed the ratio S:Sn of 1:1, confirming that the semiconductor is SnS and not any other compound. To passivate the QD surface and protect it from reaction to ambient, core-shell structures were made. The SnS nanoparticles (NPs) were immersed in a CBD bath for deposition of In2S3 layers. The formed core/shell SnS/In 2S3 nanoparticles were separated by centrifugation and washed with ethanol. The structure of the core-shell SnS/In2S 3 NPs has been studied by High Resolution TEM which showed the lattice fringes of the SnS core, surrounded by amorphous matrix, tentatively attributed to In2S3. The EDX confirms the presence of the elements expected. The absorption spectra of SnS/In2S3 nanoparticles with increasing time of CBD In2S3 clearly showed increasing band gap, attributed to thicker In2S3 shell. Research on SnS QDs embedded in CIS solar cells is in progress.

Originele taal-2Engels
TitelProceedings of the 39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 16-21 June 2013, Tampa, Florida
Plaats van productiePiscataway
UitgeverijInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Aantal pagina's4
ISBN van geprinte versie978-1-4799-3299-3
StatusGepubliceerd - 2013
Evenement39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC 2013) - Tampa Convention Center , Tampa, Verenigde Staten van Amerika
Duur: 16 jun. 201321 jun. 2013
Congresnummer: 39


Congres39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC 2013)
Verkorte titelPVSC 2013
Land/RegioVerenigde Staten van Amerika
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