### Uittreksel

An aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in combination with a heat pump is an excellent way to reduce the net energy usage of buildings. The use of ATES has been demonstrated to have the potential to provide a reduction of between 20 and 40% in the cooling and heating energy use of buildings. ATES systems are however a complex system to analyse as a number of ground conditions influence heat losses within the aquifer. ATES is also not confined from the sides and is therefore vulnerable to heat losses through conduction, advection and dispersion. The analyses of ATES system is even further complicated when the dynamic of a building is considered. When connected to a building, the temperature in the aquifer is influenced by the amount of heat exchange with the varying building load. Given the energy saving potentials of ATES systems in building operation, detailed understanding of the influence of buildings on the ATES systems and vice versa would facilitate improved operation and efficiency of ATES and building coupled systems. Therefore, taking into account the variations in the building and below ground conditions, there is the need for the development of a model that can potentially handle the dynamics on both sides. Finite element and finite volume methods are frequently used in the development of ATES models and proven as adequate tools for modelling complex ground conditions, however, most developed ATES models are often analysed independent of the building. Therefore, in this study, an ATES model that also integrates building dynamics is developed using the finite element method (FEM). The developed model was validated using data from an ATES and building in the Netherlands. The developed model was shown to have an absolute mean error of 0.17 °C and 0.12 °C for the cold and warm wells respectively.

Taal | Engels |
---|---|

Pagina's | 620-629 |

Aantal pagina's | 10 |

Tijdschrift | Applied Thermal Engineering |

Volume | 126 |

DOI's | |

Status | Gepubliceerd - 5 nov 2017 |

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### Citeer dit

*Applied Thermal Engineering*,

*126*, 620-629. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.07.195

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*Applied Thermal Engineering*, vol. 126, blz. 620-629. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.07.195

**Development and evaluation of a building integrated aquifer thermal storage model.** / Bozkaya, B.; Li, R.; Labeodan, T.; Kramer, R.P.; Zeiler, W.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschrift › Tijdschriftartikel › Academic › peer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and evaluation of a building integrated aquifer thermal storage model

AU - Bozkaya,B.

AU - Li,R.

AU - Labeodan,T.

AU - Kramer,R.P.

AU - Zeiler,W.

PY - 2017/11/5

Y1 - 2017/11/5

N2 - An aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in combination with a heat pump is an excellent way to reduce the net energy usage of buildings. The use of ATES has been demonstrated to have the potential to provide a reduction of between 20 and 40% in the cooling and heating energy use of buildings. ATES systems are however a complex system to analyse as a number of ground conditions influence heat losses within the aquifer. ATES is also not confined from the sides and is therefore vulnerable to heat losses through conduction, advection and dispersion. The analyses of ATES system is even further complicated when the dynamic of a building is considered. When connected to a building, the temperature in the aquifer is influenced by the amount of heat exchange with the varying building load. Given the energy saving potentials of ATES systems in building operation, detailed understanding of the influence of buildings on the ATES systems and vice versa would facilitate improved operation and efficiency of ATES and building coupled systems. Therefore, taking into account the variations in the building and below ground conditions, there is the need for the development of a model that can potentially handle the dynamics on both sides. Finite element and finite volume methods are frequently used in the development of ATES models and proven as adequate tools for modelling complex ground conditions, however, most developed ATES models are often analysed independent of the building. Therefore, in this study, an ATES model that also integrates building dynamics is developed using the finite element method (FEM). The developed model was validated using data from an ATES and building in the Netherlands. The developed model was shown to have an absolute mean error of 0.17 °C and 0.12 °C for the cold and warm wells respectively.

AB - An aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in combination with a heat pump is an excellent way to reduce the net energy usage of buildings. The use of ATES has been demonstrated to have the potential to provide a reduction of between 20 and 40% in the cooling and heating energy use of buildings. ATES systems are however a complex system to analyse as a number of ground conditions influence heat losses within the aquifer. ATES is also not confined from the sides and is therefore vulnerable to heat losses through conduction, advection and dispersion. The analyses of ATES system is even further complicated when the dynamic of a building is considered. When connected to a building, the temperature in the aquifer is influenced by the amount of heat exchange with the varying building load. Given the energy saving potentials of ATES systems in building operation, detailed understanding of the influence of buildings on the ATES systems and vice versa would facilitate improved operation and efficiency of ATES and building coupled systems. Therefore, taking into account the variations in the building and below ground conditions, there is the need for the development of a model that can potentially handle the dynamics on both sides. Finite element and finite volume methods are frequently used in the development of ATES models and proven as adequate tools for modelling complex ground conditions, however, most developed ATES models are often analysed independent of the building. Therefore, in this study, an ATES model that also integrates building dynamics is developed using the finite element method (FEM). The developed model was validated using data from an ATES and building in the Netherlands. The developed model was shown to have an absolute mean error of 0.17 °C and 0.12 °C for the cold and warm wells respectively.

KW - Aquifer thermal energy storage

KW - Aquifer thermal modelling

KW - Building integrated ATES

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026746851&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.07.195

DO - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.07.195

M3 - Article

VL - 126

SP - 620

EP - 629

JO - Applied Thermal Engineering

T2 - Applied Thermal Engineering

JF - Applied Thermal Engineering

SN - 1359-4311

ER -