Design and numerical implementation of a 3-D non-linear viscoelastic constitutive model for brain tissue during impact

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Finite Element (FE) head models are often used to understand mechanical response of the head and its contents during impact loading in the head. CurrentFE models do not account for non-linear viscoelastic material behavior of brain tissue. We developed a new non-linear viscoelastic material model for braintissue and implemented it in an explicit FE code. To obtain sufficient numerical accuracy for modeling the nearly incompressible brain tissue, deviatoric and volumetric stress contributions are separated. Deviatoric stress is modeled in a non-linear viscoelastic differential form. Volumetric behavior is assumed linearly elastic. Linear viscoelastic material parameters were derived from published dataon oscillatory experiments, and from ultrasonic experiments. Additionally, nonlinear parameters were derived from stress relaxation (SR) experiments at shear strains up to 20%. The model was tested by simulating the transient phase in the SR experiments not used in parameter determination (strains up to 20%, strain rates up to 8 s
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)127-134
TijdschriftJournal of Biomechanics
Volume37
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2004

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