Design and experimental validation of a compact collimated Knudsen source

S.H.W. Wouters, G. ten Haaf, P.H.A. Mutsaers, E.J.D. Vredenbregt

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In this paper we discuss the design and performance of a collimated Knudsen source which has the benefit of a simple design over recirculating sources. Measurements of the flux, transverse velocity distribution and brightness at different temperatures were conducted to evaluate the performance. The scaling of the flux and brightness with the source temperature follow the theoretical predictions. The transverse velocity distribution in the transparent operation regime also agrees with the simulated data. The source was found able to produce a flux of $10^{14}$ s$^{-1}$ at a temperature of 433 K. Furthermore the transverse reduced brightness of an ion beam with equal properties as the atomic beam reads $1.7 \times 10^2$ A/(m${}^2$ sr eV) which is sufficient for our goal: the creation of an ultra-cold ion beam by ionization of a laser-cooled and compressed atomic rubidium beam.
Originele taal-2Engels
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftarXiv.org, e-Print Archive, Physics
StatusGepubliceerd - 24 nov 2015

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